• Disease outbreaks among penguins at sub-Antarctic Marion Island: a conservation concern 

      Cooper, J.; Crawford, R.J.M; De Villiers, M.S.; Dyer, B.M.; Hofmeyr, G.J.G.; Jonker, A. (An International Peer-Reviewed Journal of Seabird Science and Conservation, 2009)
      In 1992 and 1993, unknown diseases killed 250–300 King Penguins Aptenodytes patagonicus and an estimated 5–10 thousand Macaroni Penguins Eudyptes chrysolophus at sub-Antarctic Marion Island. At the same island, an outbreak ...