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dc.contributor.authorvan Kleunen, M.
dc.contributor.authorDawson, W.
dc.contributor.authorEssl, F.
dc.contributor.authorPergl, J.
dc.contributor.authorWinter, M.
dc.contributor.authorWeber, E.
dc.contributor.authorKreft, H.
dc.contributor.authorWeigelt, P.
dc.contributor.authorKartesz, J.
dc.contributor.authorNishino, M.
dc.contributor.authorAntonova, L.A.
dc.contributor.authorBarcelona, J.F.
dc.contributor.authorCabezas, F.J.
dc.contributor.authorCardenas, D.
dc.contributor.authorCardenas-Toro, J.
dc.contributor.authorCastano, N.
dc.contributor.authorChacon, E.
dc.contributor.authorChatelain, C.
dc.contributor.authorEbel, A.L.
dc.contributor.authorFigueiredo, E.
dc.contributor.authorFuentes, N.
dc.contributor.authorGroom, Q.J.
dc.contributor.authorHenderson, L.
dc.contributor.authorInderjit
dc.contributor.authorKupriyanov, A.
dc.contributor.authorMasciadri, S.
dc.contributor.authorMeerman, J.
dc.contributor.authorMorozova, O.
dc.contributor.authorMoser, D.
dc.contributor.authorNickrent, D.L.
dc.contributor.authorPatzelt, A.
dc.contributor.authorPelser, P.B.
dc.contributor.authorBaptiste, M.P.
dc.contributor.authorPoopath, M.
dc.contributor.authorSchulze, M.
dc.contributor.authorSeebens, H.
dc.contributor.authorShu, W.-S.
dc.contributor.authorThomas, J.
dc.contributor.authorVelayos, M.
dc.contributor.authorWieringa, J.J.
dc.contributor.authorPysek, P.
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-17T08:16:14Z
dc.date.available2016-05-17T08:16:14Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationvan Kleunen, M., Dawson, W., Essl, F., Pergl, J., Winter, M., Weber, E., Kreft, H., Weigelt, P., Kartesz, J., Nishino, M., Antonova, L.A., Barcelona, J.F., Cabezas, F.J., Cárdenas, D., Cárdenas-Toro, J., Castaño, N., Chacón, E., Chatelain, C., Ebel, A.L., Figueiredo, E., Fuentes, N., Groom, Q.J., Henderson, L., Inderjit, Kupriyanov, A., Masciadri, S., Meerman, J., Morozova, O., Moser, D., Nickrent, D.L., Patzelt, A., Pelser, P.B., Baptiste, M.P., Poopath, M., Schulze, M., Seebens, H., Shu, W., Thomas, J., Velayos, M., Wieringa, J.J. and Pyšek, P. (2015). Global exchange and accumulation of non-native plants. Nature 525, 100-103.en
dc.identifier.issn0028-0835en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2015
dc.description.abstractAll around the globe, humans have greatly altered the abiotic and biotic environment with ever-increasing speed. One defining feature of the Anthropocene epoch1,2 is the erosion of biogeographical barriers by human-mediated dispersal of species into new regions, where they can naturalize and cause ecological, economic and social damage3. So far, no comprehensive analysis of the global accumulation and exchange of alien plant species between continents has been performed, primarily because of a lack of data. Here we bridge this knowledge gap by using a unique global database on the occurrences of naturalized alien plant species in 481 mainland and 362 island regions. In total, 13,168 plant species, corresponding to 3.9% of the extant global vascular flora, or approximately the size of the native European flora, have become naturalized somewhere on the globe as a result of human activity. North America has accumulated the largest number of naturalized species, whereas the Pacific Islands show the fastest increase in species numbers with respect to their land area. Continents in the Northern Hemisphere have been the major donors of naturalized alien species to all other continents. Our results quantify for the first time the extent of plant naturalizations worldwide, and illustrate the urgent need for globally integrated efforts to control, manage and understand the spread of alien species.en
dc.format.extent7924910 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMacmillan Publishers Limiteden
dc.titleGlobal exchange and accumulation of non-native plantsen
dc.typeJournalArticlesen
dc.cibjournalNatureen
dc.cibprojectNAen


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