Recent Submissions

  • Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts 

    Brundu, G.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Pergl, J.; Bindewald, A.M.; Brunori, A.; Canavan, S.; Campagnaro, T.; Celesti-Grapow, L.; de Sá Dechoum, M.; Dufour-Dror, J.-M.; Essl, F.; Flory, S.L.; Genovesi, P.; Guarino, F.; Guangzhe, L.; Hulme, P.E.; Jäger, H.; Kettle, C.J.; Krumm, F.; Langdon, B.; Lapin, K.; Lozano, V.; Le Roux, J.J.; Novoa, A.; Nuñez, M.A.; Porté, A.J.; Silva, J.S.; Schaffner, U.; Sitzia, T.; Tanner, R.; Tshidada, N.; Vítková, M.; Westergren, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
    Sustainably managed non-native trees deliver economic and societal benefits with limited risk of spread to adjoining areas. However, some plantations have launched invasions that cause substantial damage to biodiversity ...
  • The invasive grass genus Nassella in South Africa: a synthesis 

    Mapaura, A.; Canavan, K.; Richardson, D.M.; Clark, V.R.; Steenhuisen, S.-L. (2020)
    Three species of Nassella have naturalized in South Africa. Nassella trichotoma and N. tenuissima are declared weeds under category 1b of the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (NEM:BA) and occur mainly ...
  • Using stable isotope analysis to answer fundamental questions in invasion ecology: progress and prospects 

    McCue, M.D.; Javal, M.; Clusella-Trullas, S.; Le Roux, J.J.; Jackson, M.C.; Ellis, A.G.; Richardson, D.M.; Valentine, A.J.; Terblanche, J.S. (2020)
    What makes some species successful invaders while others fail, and why some invaders have major impacts in invaded ecosystems are pivotal questions that are attracting major research effort. The increasing availability of ...
  • Biological invasions in World Heritage Sites: current status and a proposed monitoring and reporting framework 

    Shackleton, R.T.; Bertzky, B.; Wood, L.E.; Bunbury, N.; Jäger, H.; van Merm, R.; Sevilla, C.; Smith, K.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Witt, A.B.R.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
    UNESCO World Heritage Sites (WHS) are areas of outstanding universal value and conservation importance. They are, however, threatened by a variety of global change drivers, including biological invasions. We assessed the ...
  • Alnus glutinosa (Betulaceae) in South Africa: invasive potential and management options 

    Keet, J.H.; Robertson, M.P.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
    Invasive alien plants cause major environmental and economic impacts and preventing the establishment and spread of emerging invaders is crucial. Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa) is well established as a widespread invader ...
  • Secondary invasion and weedy native species dominance after clearing invasive alien plants in South Africa: status quo and prognosis 

    Nsikani, M.M.; Geerts, S.; Ruwanza, S.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
    Clearing invasive alien plants often facilitates secondary invasion and/or weedy native species dominance instead of native biodiversity recovery. Secondary invasion and/or weedy native species dominance in turn can present ...
  • Biogeographical comparison of terrestrial invertebrates and trophic feeding guilds in the native and invasive ranges of Carpobrotus edulis 

    Rodríguez, J.; Novoa, A.; Cordero-Rivera, A.; Richardson, D.M.; González, L. (2020)
    Plant invasions impact on biodiversity by altering the composition of native communities by disrupting taxonomic and functional diversity. Non-native plants are often released from their natural enemies, which might result ...
  • Invasion syndromes: a systematic approach for predicting biological invasions and facilitating effective management 

    Novoa, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Pyšek, P.; Meyerson, L.A.; Bacher, S.; Canavan, S.; Catford, J.A.; Čuda, J.; Essl, F.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Genovesi, P.; Hirsch, H.; Hui, C.; Jackson, M.C.; Kueffer, C.; Le Roux, J.J.; Measey, J.; Mohanty, N.P.; Moodley, D.; Müller-Schärer, H.; Packer, J.G.; Pergl, J.; Robinson, T.B.; Saul, W.C.; Shackleton, R.T.; Visser, V.; Weyl, O.L.F.; Yannelli, F.A.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2020)
    Our ability to predict invasions has been hindered by the seemingly idiosyncratic context-dependency of individual invasions. However, we argue that robust and useful generalisations in invasion science can be made by ...
  • Assessing biological invasions in protected areas after 30 years: revisiting nature reserves targeted by the 1980s SCOPE programme 

    Shackleton, R.T.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Pyšek, P.; Wood, L.E.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
    Invasive alien species pose a major threat to biodiversity and natural ecosystems globally and negatively affect conservation efforts in protected areas. They can negatively alter biodiversity and ecological regimes and ...
  • Does vegetation structure influence criminal activity? Insights from Cape Town, South Africa 

    Potgieter, L.J.; Gaertner, M.; O'Farrell, P.; Richardson, D.M. (2019)
    Dense vegetation, especially thickets of trees or shrubs, has been associated with actual and perceived crime risk in several parts of the world. In some contexts, invasive alien trees and shrubs can create a habitat ...
  • A fine-scale assessment of the ecosystem service-disservice dichotomy in the context of urban ecosystems affected by alien plant invasions 

    Potgieter, L.J.; Gaertner, M.; O'Farrell, P.J.; Richardson, D.M. (2019)
    Background Natural resources within and around urban landscapes are under increasing pressure from ongoing urbanisation, and management efforts aimed at ensuring the sustainable provision of ecosystem services (ES) are ...
  • Supporting Spartina: Interdisciplinary perspective shows Spartina as a distinct solid genus 

    Bortolus, A.; Adam, P.; Adams, J.B.; Ainouche, M.L.; Ayres, D.; Bertness, M.D.; Bouma, T.J.; Bruno, J.F.; Cacador, I.; Carlton, J.T.; Castillo, J.M.; Costa, C.S.B.; Davy, A.J.; Deegan, L.; Duarte, B.; Figueroa, E.; Gerwein, J.; Gray, A.J.; Grosholz, E.D.; Hacker, S.D.; Hughes, A.R.; Mateos-Naranjo, E.; Mendelssohn, I.A.; Morris, J.T.; Munoz-Rodriguez, A.F.; Nieva, F.J.J.; Levin, L.A.; Li, B.; Liu, W.W.; Pennings, S.C.; Pickart, A.; Redondo-Gomez, S.; Richardson, D.M.; Salmon, A.; Schwindt, E.; Silliman, B.R.; Sotka, E.E.; Stace, C.; Sytsma, M.; Temmerman, S.; Turner, R.E.; Valiela, I.; Weinstein, M.P.; Weis, J.S. (2019)
    In 2014, a DNA-based phylogenetic study confirming the paraphyly of the grass subtribe Sporobolinae proposed the creation of a large monophyletic genus Sporobolus, including (among others) species previously included in ...
  • Global actions for managing cactus invasions 

    Novoa, A.; Brundu, G.; Day, M.D.; Deltoro, V.; Essl, F.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Fried, G.; Kaplan, H.; Kumschick, S.; Lloyd, S.; Marchante, E.; Marchante, H.; Paterson, I.D.; Pyšek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Witt, A.; Zimmermann, H.G.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2019)
    The family Cactaceae Juss. contains some of the most widespread and damaging invasive alien plant species in the world, with Australia (39 species), South Africa (35) and Spain (24) being the main hotspots of invasion. The ...
  • A conceptual framework for range-expanding species that track human-induced environmental change 

    Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kühn, I.; Lenzner, B.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Seebens, H.; van Kleunen, M.; van der Putten, W.H.; Vilà, M.; Bacher, S. (2019)
    For many species, human-induced environmental changes are important indirect drivers of range expansion into new regions. We argue that it is important to distinguish the range dynamics of such species from those that occur ...
  • Botryosphaeriaceae associated with Acacia heterophylla (La Réunion) and Acacia koa (Hawaii) 

    Jami, F.; Marincowitz, S.; Slippers, B.; Crous, P.W.; Le Roux, J.J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wingfield, M.J. (2019)
    Acacia koa and A. heterophylla are commonly occurring native trees on the Hawaiian Islands and La Réunion, respectively. A recent phylogenetic study suggested that A. heterophylla renders A. koa paraphyletic, and that the ...
  • The world needs BRICS countries to build capacity in invasion science 

    Measey, J.; Visser, V.; Dgebuadze, Y.; Inderjit; Li, B.; Dechoum, M.; Ziller, S.R.; Richardson, D.M. (2019)
    Developed countries are producing policies to reduce the flow of invasive species and control or eradicate existing invasions, but most developing countries are under-resourced to tackle either aspect without help. Emerging ...
  • Global effects of non-native tree species on multiple ecosystem services 

    Castro-Diez, P.; Vaz, A.S.; Silva, J.S.; Loo, M.; Alonso, A.; Aponte, C.; Bayon, A.; Bellingham, P.J.; Chiuffo, M.C.; DiManno, N.; Julian, K.; Kandert, S.; La Porta, N.; Marchante, H.; Maule, H.G.; Mayfield, M.M.; Metcalfe, D.; Monteverdi, M.C.; Nunez, M.A.; Ostertag, R.; Parker, I.M.; Peltzer, D.A.; Potgieter, L.J.; Raymundo, M.; Rayome, D.; Reisman-Berman, O.; Richardson, D.M.; Roos, R.E.; Saldana, A.; Shackleton, R.T.; Torres, A.; Trudgen, M.; Urban, J.; Vicente, J.R.; Vila, M.; Ylioja, T.; Zenni, R.D.; Godoy, O. (2019)
    Non-native tree (NNT) species have been transported worldwide to create or enhance services that are fundamental for human well‐being, such as timber provision, erosion control or ornamental value; yet NNTs can also produce ...
  • A four-component classification of uncertainties in biological invasions: implications for management 

    Latombe, G.; Canavan, S.; Hirsch, H.; Hui, C.; Kumschick, S.; Nsikani, M.N.; Potgieter, L.J.; Robinson, T.B.; Saul, W.-C.; Turner, S.C.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Yannelli, F.A.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2019)
    Although uncertainty is an integral part of any science, it raises doubts in public perception about scientific evidence, is exploited by denialists, and therefore potentially hinders the implementation of management ...
  • Does origin determine environmental impacts? Not for bamboos 

    Canavan, S.; Kumschick, S.; Le Roux, J.J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (New Phytologist Trust, 2019)
    Societal Impact Statement: Non‐native species can cause considerable negative impacts in natural ecosystems. Such impacts often are directly due to the fact that these species occur in habitats where they did not evolve. ...

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