• Historical legacies accumulate to shape future biodiversity in an era of rapid global change 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Rabitsch, W.; Hulme, P.E.; Pysek, P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Aim Biodiversity responses to changing environmental forcing on species are often characterized by considerable time-lags (= relaxation times). Although changes to the occurrence and abundance of species likely have cascading ...
    • Invasive plants as drivers of regime shifts: identifying high-priority invaders that alter feedback relationships 

      Gaertner, M.; Biggs, R.; Te Beest, M.; Hui, C.; Molofsky, J.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2014)
      Aim A major challenge for invasion ecology is to identify high-impact invaders to guide prioritization of management interventions. We argue that species with the potential to cause regime shifts (altered states of ecosystem ...
    • Which taxa are alien? Criteria, applications, and uncertainties 

      Essl, F.; Bacher, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kowarik, I.; Kuhn, I.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Schindler, S.; van Kleunen, M.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (Oxford University Press, 2018)
      Human activities such as the transport of species to new regions and modifications of the environment are increasingly reshaping the distribution of biota. Accordingly, developing robust, repeatable, and consistent definitions ...