Recent Submissions

  • Impact of invasive alien plants on water provision in selected catchments 

    Preston, I.R.; Le Maitre, D.C.; Blignaut, J.N.; Louw, L.; Palmer, C.G. (Creative Commons Attribution License, 2018)
    We analyse the impact of failing to control invasive alien plants (IAPs) on the water supply to the Berg River and De Hoop Dams, in other words, the opportunity cost of not clearing IAPs in these two catchments. To do this ...
  • Invaders among locals: Alien species decrease phylogenetic and functional diversity while increasing dissimilarity among native community members 

    Loiola, P.P.; De Bello, F.; Chytry, M.; Gotzenberger, L.; Carmona, C.P.; Pysek, P.; Lososova, Z. (British Ecological Society, 2018)
    1. Plant invasions can drastically change the structure of native communities, but it is not fully understood whether alien species occupy phylogenetic and functional space within the range occupied by natives, or provide ...
  • Remoteness promotes biological invasions on islands worldwide 

    Moser, D.; Lenzner, B.; Weigelt, P.; Dawson, W.; Kreft, H.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; van Kleunen, M.; Winter, M.; Capinha, C.; Cassey, P.; Dullinger, S.; Economo, E.P.; Garcia-Diaz, P.; Guenard, B.; Hofhansl, F.; Mang, T.; Seebens, H.; Essl, F. (National Academy of Sciences, 2018)
    One of the best-known general patterns in island biogeography is the species–isolation relationship (SIR), a decrease in the number of native species with increasing island isolation that is linked to lower rates of natural ...
  • Reaching new heights: can drones replace current methods to study plant population dynamics? 

    Tay, J.Y.L.; Erfmeier, A.; Kalwij, J.M. (Springer, 2018)
    Spatially explicit data on heterogeneously distributed plant populations are difficult to quantify using either traditional field-based methods or remote sensing techniques alone. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) offer new ...
  • Plant diversity drives global patterns of insect invasions 

    Liebhold, A.M.; Yamanaka, T.; Roques, A.; Augustin, S.; Chown, S.L.; Brockerhoff, E.G.; Pysek, P. (Nature, 2018)
    During the last two centuries, thousands of insect species have been transported (largely inadvertently) and established outside of their native ranges worldwide, some with catastrophic ecological and economic impacts. ...
  • High resolution temperature data for ecological research and management on the Southern Ocean Islands 

    Leihy, R.I.; Duffy, G.A.; Nortje, E.; Chown, S.L. (Nature, 2018)
    Southern Ocean Islands are globally significant conservation areas. Predicting how their terrestrial ecosystems will respond to current and forecast climate change is essential for their management and requires high-quality ...
  • Invasive potential and management of naturalised ornamentals across an urban environmental gradient with a focus on Centranthus ruber 

    Holmes, P.M.; Rebelo, A.G.; Irlich, U.M. (AOSIS, 2018)
    Background: Predicting which alien species may become invasive is important in prioritizing scarce resources for management. Objectives: Sixteen naturalised ornamentals in Cape Town were assessed for invasion potential ...
  • Mountain roads and non-native species modify elevational patterns of plant diversity 

    Haider, S.; Kueffer, C.; Bruelheide, H.; Seipel, T.; Alexander, J.M.; Rew, L.J.; Arevalo, J.R.; Cavieres, L.A.; McDougall, K.L.; Milbau, A.; Naylor, B.J.; Speziale, K.; Pauchard, A. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2018)
    Aim: We investigated patterns of species richness and community dissimilarity along elevation gradients using globally replicated, standardized surveys of vascular plants. We asked how these patterns of diversity are ...
  • The changing role of ornamental horticulture in alien plant invasions 

    van Kleunen, M.; Essl, F.; Pergl, J.; Brundi, G.; Carboni, M.; Dullinger, S.; Early, R.; Gonzalez-Moreno, P.; Groom, Q.J.; Hulme, P.E.; Kueffer, C.; Kuhn, I.; Maguas, C.; Maurel, N.; Novoa, A.; Parepa, M.; Pysek, P.; Seebens, H.; Tanner, R.; Touza, J.; Verbrugge, L.; Weber, E.; Dawson, W.; Kreft, H.; Weigelt, P.; Winter, M.; Klonner, G.; Talluto, M.W.; Dehnen-Schmutz, K. (Cambridge Philosophical Society, 2018)
    The number of alien plants escaping from cultivation into native ecosystems is increasing steadily. We provide an overview of the historical, contemporary and potential future roles of ornamental horticulture in plant ...
  • Climate warming drives invasion history of Ambrosia artemisiifolia in central Europe 

    Mang, T.; Essl, F.; Moser, D.; Dullinger, S. (Czech Botanical Society, 2018)
    It is thought that future climate change is likely to foster biological invasions, but effects of climate warming on invasions in recent decades are little explored. In this paper, we analyse the history of the spread of ...
  • An integrated, spatio-temporal modelling framework for analysing biological invasions 

    Mang, T.; Essl, F.; Moser, D.; Kleinbauer, I.; Dullinger, S. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2018)
    Aim: We develop a novel modelling framework for analysing the spatio-temporal spread of biological invasions. The framework integrates different invasion drivers and disentangles their roles in determining observed ...
  • New alien aphid discovered in South Africa: the woolly hackberry aphid Shivaphis celti Das (Hemiptera: Aphididae) 

    Giliomee, J.H.; Millar, I.M.; Visser, D. (Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 2018)
  • Developing a framework of minimum standards for the risk assessment of alien species. 

    Roy, H.E.; Rabitsch, W.; Scalera, R.; Stewart, A.; Gallardo, B.; Genovesi, P.; Essl, F.; Adriaens, T.; Bacher, S.; Booy, O.; Branquart, E.; Brunel, S.; Copp, G.H.; Dean, H.; D'hondt, B.; Josefsson, M.; Kenis, M.; Kettunen, M.; Linnamagi, M.; Lucy, F.; Martinou, A.; Moore, N.; Nentwig, W.; Nieto, A.; Pergl, J.; Peyton, J.; Roques, A.; Schindler, S.; Schönrogge, K.; Solarz, W.; Stebbing, P.D.; Trichkova, T.; Vanderhoeven, S.; van Valkenburg, J.; Zenetos, A. (British Ecological Society, 2018)
    1. Biological invasions are a threat to biodiversity, society and the economy. There is an urgent need to provide evidence-based assessments of the risks posed by invasive alien species (IAS) to prioritize action. Risk ...
  • Global rise in emerging alien species results from increased accessibility of new source pools. 

    Sebeens, H.; Blackburn, T.M.; Dyer, E.E.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Pagad, S.; Pyšek, P.; van Kleunen, M.; Winter, M.; Ansong, M.; Arianoutsou, M.; Bacher, S.; Blasius, B.; Brockerhoff, E.G.; Brundu, G.; Capinha, C.; Causton, C.E.; Celesti-Grapow, L.; Dawson, W.; Dullinger, S.; Economo, E.P.; Fuentes, N.; Guénard, B.; Jäger, H.; Kartesz, J.; Kenis, M.; Kühn, I.; Lenzner, B.; Liebhold, A.M.; Mosena, A.; Moser, D.; Nentwig, W.; Nishino, M.; Pearman, D.; Pergl, J.; Rabitsch, W.; Rojas-Sandoval, J.; Roques, A.; Rorke, S.; Rossinelli, S.; Roy, H.E.; Scalera, R.; Schindler, S.; Štajerová, K.; Tokarska-Guzik, B.; Walker, K.; Ward, D.F.; Yamanaka, T.; Essl, F. (National Academy of Science, 2018)
    Our ability to predict the identity of future invasive alien species is largely based upon knowledge of prior invasion history. Emerging alien species—those never encountered as aliens before—therefore pose a significant ...
  • Global hotspots and correlates of alien species richness across taxonomic groups. 

    Dawson, W.; Moser, D.; van Kleunen, M.; Kreft, H.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Weigelt, P.; Winter, M.; Lenzner, B.; Blackburn, T.M.; Dyer, E.E.; Cassey, P.; Scrivens, S.L.; Economo, E.P.; Guénard, B.; Capinha, C.; Seebens, H.; García-Díaz, P.; Nentwig, W.; García-Berthou, E.; Casal, C.; Mandrak, N.E.; Fuller, P.; Meyer, C.; Essl, F. (Macmillan Publishers Limited, 2017)
    Human-mediated transport beyond biogeographic barriers has led to the introduction and establishment of alien species in new regions worldwide. However, we lack a global picture of established alien species richness for ...
  • Protected areas offer refuge from invasive species spreading under climate change 

    Gallardo, B.; Aldridge, D.C.; Gonzalez-Moreno, P.; Pergl, J.; Pizarro, M.; Pysek, P.; Thuiller, W.; Yesson, C.; Montserrat, V. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2017)
    Protected areas (PAs) are intended to provide native biodiversity and habitats with a refuge against the impacts of global change, particularly acting as natural filters against biological invasions. In practice, however, ...
  • Socio-economic impact classification of alien taxa (SEICAT) 

    Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Heikkilä, J.; Jeschke, J.M.; Jones, G.; Keller, R.; Kenis, M.; Kueffer, C.; Martinou, A.F.; Nentwig, W.; Pergl, J.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roy, H.E.; Saul, W.-C.; Scalera, R.; Vilà, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Kumschick, S. (British Ecological Society, 2018)
    1. Many alien taxa are known to cause socio-economic impacts by affecting the different constituents of human well-being (security; material and non-material assets; health; social, spiritual and cultural relations; freedom ...
  • Intergrating invasive species policies across ornamental horticulture supply chains to prevent plant invasions. 

    Hulme, P.E.; Brundu, G.; Carboni, M.; Dehnen-Schmutz, K.; Dullinger, S.; Early, R.; Essl, F.; Gonzalez-Moreno, P.; Groom, Q.J.; Kueffer, C.; Kuhn, I.; Maurel, N.; Novoa, A.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Seebens, H.; Tanner, R.; Touza, J.M.; van Kleunen, M.; Vergrugge, L.N.H. (British Ecological Society, 2017)
    1. Ornamental horticulture is the primary pathway for invasive alien plant introductions. We critically appraise published evidence on the effectiveness of four policy instruments that tackle invasions along the horticulture ...

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