• Beta diversity of urban floras among European and non-European cities. 

      La Sorte, F.A.; Aronson, M.F.J.; Williams, N.S.G.; Celesti-Grapow, L.; Cilliers, S.; Clarkson, B.D.; Dolan, R.W.; Hipp, A.; Klotz, S.; Kuhn, I.; Pysek, P.; Siebert, S.; Winter, M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2014)
      Aim Cities represent an ideal study system for assessing how intensive land-use change and biotic interchange have altered beta diversity at broad geographic extents. Here we test the hypothesis that floras in cities located ...
    • Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: Impacts on ecosystems and human well-being 

      Pecl, G.T.; Araujo, M.B.; Bell, J.D.; Blanchard, J.; Bonebrake, T.C.; Chen, I.C.; Clark, T.D.; Colwell, R.K.; Danielsen, F.; Evengard, B.; Falconi, L.; Ferrier, S.; Frusher, S.; Garcia, R.A.; Griffis, R.B.; Hobday, A.J.; Janion-Scheepers, C.; et al. (American Association for the Advancement of Science(AAAS), 2017)
      Distributions of Earth’s species are changing at accelerating rates, increasingly driven by human-mediated climate change. Such changes are already altering the composition of ecological communities, but beyond conservation ...
    • Bioinsecticide and leaf litter combination increases oviposition and reduces adult recruitment to create an effective ovitrap for Culex mosquitoes 

      Bellile, K.G.; Vonesh, J.R. (John Wiley & Sons Inc, 2016)
      Mosquito egg traps, aquatic habitats baited with oviposition attractant and insecticide, are important tools for surveillance and control efforts in integrated vector management programs. The bioinsecticide Bacillus ...
    • Biological Flora of the British Isles: Ambrosia artemisiifolia 

      Essl, F.; Biró, K.; Brandes, D.; Broennimann, O.; Bullock, J.M.; Chapman, D.S.; Chauvel, B.; Dullinger, S.; Fumanal, B.; Guisan, A.; Karrer, G.; Kazinczi, G.; Kueffer, C.; Laitung, B.; Lavoie, C.; Leitner, M.; Mang, T.; Moser, D.; Müller-Schärer, H.; Petitpierre, B.; Richter, R.; Schaffner, U.; Smith, M.; Starfinger, U.; Vautard, R.; Vogl, G.; von der Lippe, M.; Follak, S. (British Ecological Society, 2015)
      1. This account presents information on all aspects of the biology of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. (Common ragweed) that are relevant to understanding its ecology. The main topics are presented within the standard framework ...
    • Body size changes in passerine birds introduced to New Zealand from the UK 

      Blackburn, T.M.; Monroe, M.J.; Lawson, B.; Cassey, P.; Ewen, J.G. (Pensoft, 2013-06-28)
      One feature of global geographic variation in avian body sizes is that they are larger on isolated islands than on continental regions. Therefore, this study aims to assess whether there have been changes in body size ...
    • Boom-bust dynamics in biological invasions: towards an improved application of the concept 

      Strayer, D.L.; D'Antonio, C.M.; Essl, F.; Fowler, M.S.; Geist, J.; Hilt, S.; Jarić, I.; Jöhnk, K.; Jones, C.G.; Lambin, X.; Latzka, A.W.; Pergl, J.; Pyšek, P.; Robertson, P.; von Schmalensee, M.; Stefansson, R.A.; Wright, J.; Jeschke, J.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS, 2017)
      Boom-bust dynamics – the rise of a population to outbreak levels, followed by a dramatic decline – have been associated with biological invasions and offered as a reason not to manage troublesome invaders. However, boom-bust ...
    • British plants as aliens in New Zealand cities: residence time moderates their impact on the beta diversity of urban floras 

      Ricotta, C.; Rapson, G.L.; Asmus, U.; Pysek, P.; Kuhn, I.; La Sorte, F.A.; Thompson, K. (Springer, 2017)
      Anthropogenic activities have weakened biogeographical barriers to dispersal, thereby promoting the introduction, establishment and spread of alien species outside their native ranges. Several studies have identified a ...
    • Challenging the view that invasive non-native plants are not a significant threat to the floristic diversity of Great Britian 

      Hulme, P.E.; Pauchard, A.; Pysek, P.; Vila, M.; Alba, C.; Blackburn, T.M.; Bullock, J.M.; Chytry, M.; Dawson, W.; Dunn, A.M.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Maskell, L.C.; Meyerson, L.A.; Nunez, M.A.; Pergl, J.; Pescott, O.L.; Pocock, M.J.O.; Richardson, D.M.; Roy, H.E.; Smart, S.M.; Stajerova, K.; Stohlgren, T.; van Kleunen, M.; Winter, M. (National Academy of Science, 2015-06-09)
      Conservation scientists and practitioners have long recognized that not all non-native species pose a threat to biodiversity, yet some ecologists still fail to grasp this message (1). The conclusions drawn by Thomas and ...
    • The changing role of ornamental horticulture in alien plant invasions 

      van Kleunen, M.; Essl, F.; Pergl, J.; Brundi, G.; Carboni, M.; Dullinger, S.; Early, R.; Gonzalez-Moreno, P.; Groom, Q.J.; Hulme, P.E.; Kueffer, C.; Kuhn, I.; Maguas, C.; Maurel, N.; Novoa, A.; Parepa, M.; Pysek, P.; Seebens, H.; Tanner, R.; Touza, J.; Verbrugge, L.; Weber, E.; Dawson, W.; Kreft, H.; Weigelt, P.; Winter, M.; Klonner, G.; Talluto, M.W.; Dehnen-Schmutz, K. (Cambridge Philosophical Society, 2018)
      The number of alien plants escaping from cultivation into native ecosystems is increasing steadily. We provide an overview of the historical, contemporary and potential future roles of ornamental horticulture in plant ...
    • Chromolaena odorata (Siam Weed) in eastern Africa: distribution and socio-ecological impacts 

      Shackleton, R.T.; Witt, A.B.R.; Nunda, W.; Richardson, D.M. (Springer, 2017)
      Invasive alien plant species such as Chromolaena odorata have negative impacts on biodiversity, ecosystem services and human well-being. Ecological impacts of this shrub are relatively well understood, but its impacts on ...
    • Climate warming drives invasion history of Ambrosia artemisiifolia in central Europe 

      Mang, T.; Essl, F.; Moser, D.; Dullinger, S. (Czech Botanical Society, 2018)
      It is thought that future climate change is likely to foster biological invasions, but effects of climate warming on invasions in recent decades are little explored. In this paper, we analyse the history of the spread of ...
    • Community dynamics under environmental change: How can next generation mechanists models improve projections of species distributions? 

      Singer, A.; Johst, K.; Banitz, T.; Fowler, M.S.; Groeneveld, J.; Gutierrez, A.G.; Hartig, F.; Krug, R.M.; Liess, M.; Matlack, G.; Meyer, K.M.; Pe'er, G.; Radchuk, V.; Voinopol-Sassu, A.J.; Travis, J.M.J. (Elsevier B.V., 2016)
      Environmental change is expected to shift the geographic range of species and communities. Toestimate the consequences of these shifts for the functioning and stability of ecosystems, reliable predictions of alterations ...
    • Complementary endozoochorous seed dispersal by large mammals in the Golestan National Park, Iran 

      Karimi, S.; Hemami, M.-R.; Esfahani, M.T.; Akhani, H.; Baltzinger, C. (Cambridge University Press, 2018)
      Large animals tend to disperse seeds over long distances via ingestion and defecation due to their large home range and capacity to move among different habitats for feeding. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
    • The compositional similarity of urban forests among the world's cities is scale dependent 

      Yang, J.; La Sorte, F.A.; Pysek, P.; Yan, P.; Nowak, D.; McBride, J. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Aim We examined species composition of urban forests from local to global scales using occurrence and abundance information to determine how compositional similarity is defined across spatial scales. We predicted that urban ...
    • Confronting the wicked problem of managing biological invasions 

      Woodford, D.J.; Richardson, D.M.; MacIsaac, H.J.; Mandrak, N.E.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Weyl, O.L.F. (Pensoft, 2016)
      The Anthropocene Epoch is characterized by novel and increasingly complex dependencies between the environment and human civilization, with many challenges of biodiversity management emerging as wicked problems. Problems ...
    • Cost-effective monitoring of biological invasions under global change: a model-based framework 

      Vicente, J.R.; Alagador, D.; Guerra, C.; Alonso, J.M.; Kueffer, C.; Vaz, A.S.; Fernandes, R.F.; Cabral, J.A.; Araujo, M.B.; Honrado, J.P. (British Ecological Society, 2016)
      1. Ecological monitoring programmes are designed to detect and measure changes in biodiversity and ecosystems. In the case of biological invasions, they can contribute to anticipating risks and adaptively managing invaders. ...
    • Crossing frontiers in tackling pathways of biological invasions 

      Essl, F.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Booy, O.; Brundu, G.; Brunel, S.; Cardoso, A.C.; Eschen, R.; Gallardo, B.; Galil, B.; Garcia-Berthou, E.; Genovesi, P.; Groom, Q.; Harrower, C.; Hulme, P.E.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kenis, M.; Kuhn, I.; Kumschick, S.; Martinou, A.F.; Nentwig, W.; O'Flynn, C.; Pagad, S.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roques, A.; Roy, H.E.; Scalera, R.; Schindler, S.; Seebens, H.; Vanderhoeven, S.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Zenetos, A.; Jeschke, J.M. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Substantial progress has been made in understanding how pathways underlie and mediate biological invasions. However, key features of their role in invasions remain poorly understood, available knowledge is widely scattered, ...
    • Cryptic diversity in forest shrews of the genus Myosorex from southern Africa, with the description of a new species and comments on Myosorex tenuis 

      Taylor, P.J.; Kearney, T.C.; Kerbis Peterhans, J.C.; Baxter, R.M.; Willows-Munro, S. (The Linnean Society of London, 2013)
      Forest or mouse shrews (Myosorex) represent a small but important radiation of African shrews generally adapted to montane and/or temperate conditions. The status of populations from Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and the north of ...