• British plants as aliens in New Zealand cities: residence time moderates their impact on the beta diversity of urban floras 

      Ricotta, C.; Rapson, G.L.; Asmus, U.; Pysek, P.; Kuhn, I.; La Sorte, F.A.; Thompson, K. (Springer, 2017)
      Anthropogenic activities have weakened biogeographical barriers to dispersal, thereby promoting the introduction, establishment and spread of alien species outside their native ranges. Several studies have identified a ...
    • Challenging the view that invasive non-native plants are not a significant threat to the floristic diversity of Great Britian 

      Hulme, P.E.; Pauchard, A.; Pysek, P.; Vila, M.; Alba, C.; Blackburn, T.M.; Bullock, J.M.; Chytry, M.; Dawson, W.; Dunn, A.M.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Maskell, L.C.; Meyerson, L.A.; Nunez, M.A.; Pergl, J.; Pescott, O.L.; Pocock, M.J.O.; Richardson, D.M.; Roy, H.E.; Smart, S.M.; Stajerova, K.; Stohlgren, T.; van Kleunen, M.; Winter, M. (National Academy of Science, 2015-06-09)
      Conservation scientists and practitioners have long recognized that not all non-native species pose a threat to biodiversity, yet some ecologists still fail to grasp this message (1). The conclusions drawn by Thomas and ...
    • The changing role of ornamental horticulture in alien plant invasions 

      van Kleunen, M.; Essl, F.; Pergl, J.; Brundi, G.; Carboni, M.; Dullinger, S.; Early, R.; Gonzalez-Moreno, P.; Groom, Q.J.; Hulme, P.E.; Kueffer, C.; Kuhn, I.; Maguas, C.; Maurel, N.; Novoa, A.; Parepa, M.; Pysek, P.; Seebens, H.; Tanner, R.; Touza, J.; Verbrugge, L.; Weber, E.; Dawson, W.; Kreft, H.; Weigelt, P.; Winter, M.; Klonner, G.; Talluto, M.W.; Dehnen-Schmutz, K. (Cambridge Philosophical Society, 2018)
      The number of alien plants escaping from cultivation into native ecosystems is increasing steadily. We provide an overview of the historical, contemporary and potential future roles of ornamental horticulture in plant ...
    • Chromolaena odorata (Siam Weed) in eastern Africa: distribution and socio-ecological impacts 

      Shackleton, R.T.; Witt, A.B.R.; Nunda, W.; Richardson, D.M. (Springer, 2017)
      Invasive alien plant species such as Chromolaena odorata have negative impacts on biodiversity, ecosystem services and human well-being. Ecological impacts of this shrub are relatively well understood, but its impacts on ...
    • Climate warming drives invasion history of Ambrosia artemisiifolia in central Europe 

      Mang, T.; Essl, F.; Moser, D.; Dullinger, S. (Czech Botanical Society, 2018)
      It is thought that future climate change is likely to foster biological invasions, but effects of climate warming on invasions in recent decades are little explored. In this paper, we analyse the history of the spread of ...
    • Community dynamics under environmental change: How can next generation mechanists models improve projections of species distributions? 

      Singer, A.; Johst, K.; Banitz, T.; Fowler, M.S.; Groeneveld, J.; Gutierrez, A.G.; Hartig, F.; Krug, R.M.; Liess, M.; Matlack, G.; Meyer, K.M.; Pe'er, G.; Radchuk, V.; Voinopol-Sassu, A.J.; Travis, J.M.J. (Elsevier B.V., 2016)
      Environmental change is expected to shift the geographic range of species and communities. Toestimate the consequences of these shifts for the functioning and stability of ecosystems, reliable predictions of alterations ...
    • Complementary endozoochorous seed dispersal by large mammals in the Golestan National Park, Iran 

      Karimi, S.; Hemami, M.-R.; Esfahani, M.T.; Akhani, H.; Baltzinger, C. (Cambridge University Press, 2018)
      Large animals tend to disperse seeds over long distances via ingestion and defecation due to their large home range and capacity to move among different habitats for feeding. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
    • The compositional similarity of urban forests among the world's cities is scale dependent 

      Yang, J.; La Sorte, F.A.; Pysek, P.; Yan, P.; Nowak, D.; McBride, J. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Aim We examined species composition of urban forests from local to global scales using occurrence and abundance information to determine how compositional similarity is defined across spatial scales. We predicted that urban ...
    • Confronting the wicked problem of managing biological invasions 

      Woodford, D.J.; Richardson, D.M.; MacIsaac, H.J.; Mandrak, N.E.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Weyl, O.L.F. (Pensoft, 2016)
      The Anthropocene Epoch is characterized by novel and increasingly complex dependencies between the environment and human civilization, with many challenges of biodiversity management emerging as wicked problems. Problems ...
    • Cost-effective monitoring of biological invasions under global change: a model-based framework 

      Vicente, J.R.; Alagador, D.; Guerra, C.; Alonso, J.M.; Kueffer, C.; Vaz, A.S.; Fernandes, R.F.; Cabral, J.A.; Araujo, M.B.; Honrado, J.P. (British Ecological Society, 2016)
      1. Ecological monitoring programmes are designed to detect and measure changes in biodiversity and ecosystems. In the case of biological invasions, they can contribute to anticipating risks and adaptively managing invaders. ...
    • Crossing frontiers in tackling pathways of biological invasions 

      Essl, F.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Booy, O.; Brundu, G.; Brunel, S.; Cardoso, A.C.; Eschen, R.; Gallardo, B.; Galil, B.; Garcia-Berthou, E.; Genovesi, P.; Groom, Q.; Harrower, C.; Hulme, P.E.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kenis, M.; Kuhn, I.; Kumschick, S.; Martinou, A.F.; Nentwig, W.; O'Flynn, C.; Pagad, S.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roques, A.; Roy, H.E.; Scalera, R.; Schindler, S.; Seebens, H.; Vanderhoeven, S.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Zenetos, A.; Jeschke, J.M. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Substantial progress has been made in understanding how pathways underlie and mediate biological invasions. However, key features of their role in invasions remain poorly understood, available knowledge is widely scattered, ...
    • Cryptic diversity in forest shrews of the genus Myosorex from southern Africa, with the description of a new species and comments on Myosorex tenuis 

      Taylor, P.J.; Kearney, T.C.; Kerbis Peterhans, J.C.; Baxter, R.M.; Willows-Munro, S. (The Linnean Society of London, 2013)
      Forest or mouse shrews (Myosorex) represent a small but important radiation of African shrews generally adapted to montane and/or temperate conditions. The status of populations from Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and the north of ...
    • Delayed biodiversity change: no time to waste 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Rabitsch, W.; Hulme, P.E.; Pysek, P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (Elsevier Ltd., 2015)
      Delayed biodiversity responses to environmental forcing mean that rates of contemporary biodiversity changes are underestimated, yet these delays are rarely addressed in conservation policies. Here, we identify mechanisms ...
    • Developing a framework of minimum standards for the risk assessment of alien species. 

      Roy, H.E.; Rabitsch, W.; Scalera, R.; Stewart, A.; Gallardo, B.; Genovesi, P.; Essl, F.; Adriaens, T.; Bacher, S.; Booy, O.; Branquart, E.; Brunel, S.; Copp, G.H.; Dean, H.; D'hondt, B.; Josefsson, M.; Kenis, M.; Kettunen, M.; Linnamagi, M.; Lucy, F.; Martinou, A.; Moore, N.; Nentwig, W.; Nieto, A.; Pergl, J.; Peyton, J.; Roques, A.; Schindler, S.; Schönrogge, K.; Solarz, W.; Stebbing, P.D.; Trichkova, T.; Vanderhoeven, S.; van Valkenburg, J.; Zenetos, A. (British Ecological Society, 2018)
      1. Biological invasions are a threat to biodiversity, society and the economy. There is an urgent need to provide evidence-based assessments of the risks posed by invasive alien species (IAS) to prioritize action. Risk ...
    • Developing a species selection index for seed-based ecological restoration in Peninsula Shale Renosterveld, Cape Town 

      Waller, P.A.; Anderson, P.M.; Holmes, P.M.; Newton, R.J. (Elsevier B.V., 2015)
      The considerable risk factors associated with ecological restoration make the reintroduction of appropriate species critical to restoration success. In seed-based restoration efforts, using high quality seed is central to ...
    • Disease outbreaks among penguins at sub-Antarctic Marion Island: a conservation concern 

      Cooper, J.; Crawford, R.J.M; De Villiers, M.S.; Dyer, B.M.; Hofmeyr, G.J.G.; Jonker, A. (An International Peer-Reviewed Journal of Seabird Science and Conservation, 2009)
      In 1992 and 1993, unknown diseases killed 250–300 King Penguins Aptenodytes patagonicus and an estimated 5–10 thousand Macaroni Penguins Eudyptes chrysolophus at sub-Antarctic Marion Island. At the same island, an outbreak ...
    • Disentangling the roles of environment and space in ecology 

      Currie, D.J. (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2007)
    • Diversity of bats in the Soutpansberg and Blouberg Mountains of northern South Africa: complementarity of acoustic and non-acoustic survey methods 

      Taylor, P.J.; Sowler, S.; Schoeman, M.C.; Monadjem, A. (Southern African Wildlife Management Association, 2013-04)
      We surveyed bats at 30 localities in the Soutpansberg and Blouberg Mountains within the newly proclaimed Vhembe Biosphere Reserve (VBR) of northern South Africa, based on ANABAT acoustic recordings (63 nights) conducted ...
    • Diversity, biogeography and the global flows of alien amphibians and reptiles 

      Capinha, C.; Seebens, H.; Cassey, P.; Garcia-Diaz, P.; Lenzner, B.; Mang, T.; Moser, D.; Pysek, P.; Rodder, D.; Scalera, R.; Winter, M.; Dullinger, S.; Essl, F. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2017)
      Aim: We introduce a high-quality global database of established alien amphibians and reptiles. We use this data set to analyse: (1) the global distribution; (2) the temporal dynamics; (3) the flows between native and ...