• Global trade will accelerate plant invasions in emerging economies under climate change 

      Seebens, H.; Essl, F.; Dawson, W.; Fuentes, N.; Moser, D.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; van Kleunen, M.; Weber, E.; Winter, M.; Blasius, B. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Trade plays a key role in the spread of alien species, and has arguably contributed to the recent enormous acceleration of biological invasions, thus homogenizing biotas world-wide. Combining data on 60-year trends of ...
    • Going cheap: Determinants of bird price in the Taiwanese pet market 

      Su, S.; Cassey, P.; Vall-Ilosera, M.; Blackburn, T.M. (Public Library of Science, 2015-05-27)
      Background International wildlife trade is the largest emerging source of vertebrate invasive alien species. In order to prevent invasions, it is essential to understand the mechanics of trade and, in particular, which ...
    • Good news from the South: Biodiversity mainstreaming – A paradigm shift in conservation? 

      Huntley, B.J. (Academy of Science of South Africa, 2014)
      ‘Bad governance stifles everything’ said ecologist Richard Cowling, a pioneer in promoting mainstreaming approaches to conserving biodiversity. Cowling was addressing an international workshop convened in Cape Town in ...
    • Greater focus needed on alien plant impacts in protected areas. 

      Hulme, P.E.; Pysek, P.; Pergl, J.; Jarosik, V.; Schaffner, U.; Vila, M. (Wiley Periodicals, Inc, 2014)
      Alien plants pose significant threats to protected areas worldwide yet many studies only describe the degree to which these areas have become invaded. Research must move toward a better understanding of alien plant impacts ...
    • Guiding classical biological control of an invasive mealybug using integrative taxonomy 

      Beltra, A.; Addison, P.; Avalos, J.A.; Crochard, D.; Garcia-Mari, F.; Guerrieri, E.; Giliomee, J.H.; Malausa, T.; Navarro-Campos, C.; Palero, F.; Soto, A. (Public Library of Science, 2015-06-05)
      Delottococcus aberiae De Lotto (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is a mealybug of Southern African origin that has recently been introduced into Eastern Spain. It causes severe distortions on young citrus fruits and represents ...
    • The hidden side of plant invasions: the role of genome size 

      Suda, J.; Meyerson, L.A.; Leitch, I.J.; Pysek, P. (New Phytologist Trust, 2015)
      The ecological role ofgenomesize in plant biology, biogeography, and morphology has garnered increasing attention as the methods and technology associated with measuring cytological characteristics have become more reliable ...
    • High resolution temperature data for ecological research and management on the Southern Ocean Islands 

      Leihy, R.I.; Duffy, G.A.; Nortje, E.; Chown, S.L. (Nature, 2018)
      Southern Ocean Islands are globally significant conservation areas. Predicting how their terrestrial ecosystems will respond to current and forecast climate change is essential for their management and requires high-quality ...
    • Historical legacies accumulate to shape future biodiversity in an era of rapid global change 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Rabitsch, W.; Hulme, P.E.; Pysek, P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Aim Biodiversity responses to changing environmental forcing on species are often characterized by considerable time-lags (= relaxation times). Although changes to the occurrence and abundance of species likely have cascading ...
    • Horizon scanning for invasive alien species with the potential to threaten biodiversity in Great Britain 

      Roy, H.E.; Peyton, J.; Aldridge, D.C.; Bantock, T.; Blackburn, T.M.; Britton, R.; Clark, P.; Cook, E.; Dehnen-Schmutz, K.; Dines, T.; Dobson, M.; Edwards, F.; Harrower, C.; Harvey, M.C.; Minchin, D.; Noble, D.G.; Parrott, D.; Pocock, M.J.O.; Preston, C.D.; Roy, S.; Salisbury, A.; Schönrogge, K.; Sewell, J.; Shaw, R.; Stebbing, P.; Stewart, A.J.A.; Walker, K.J. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2014)
      Invasive alien species (IAS) are considered one of the greatest threats to biodiversity, particularly through their interactions with other drivers of change. Horizon scanning, the systematic examination of future potential ...
    • How do invasive species travel to and through urban environments? 

      Padayachee, A.L.; Irlich, U.M.; Faulkner, K.T.; Gaertner, M.; Proches, S.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Rouget, M. (Springer, 2017)
      Globalisation has resulted in the movement of organisms outside their natural range, often with negative ecological and economic consequences. As cities are hubs of anthropogenic activities, with both highly transformed ...
    • How the Yellowhammer became a Kiwi: the history of an alien bird invasion revealed 

      Pipek, P.; Pysek, P.; Blackburn, T.M. (Pensoft, 2015)
      New Zealand harbours a considerable number of alien plants and animals, and is often used as a model region for studies on factors determining the outcome of introductions. Alien birds have been a particular focus of ...
    • Human dependence on natural resources in rapidly urbanizing South African regions 

      Balbi, S.; Selomane, O.; Sitas, N.; Blanchard, R.; Kotzee, I.; O'Farrell, P.; Villa, F. (IOP Publishing Ltd, 2019)
      Enhancing the governance of social-ecological systems for more equitable and sustainable development is hindered by inadequate knowledge about how different social groups and communities rely on natural resources.Weused ...
    • Identifying alien bryophytes taking into account uncertainties: a reply to Patiño & Vanderpoorten 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Moser, D.; Steinbauer, K.; Mang, T. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Recently, Pati~no & Vanderpoorten (2015, Journal of Biogeography, 42, doi:10.1111/ jbi.12492) commented on our manuscripts about patterns and processes of global bryophyte invasions. In particular, they argued that the ...
    • Impact of invasive alien plants on water provision in selected catchments 

      Preston, I.R.; Le Maitre, D.C.; Blignaut, J.N.; Louw, L.; Palmer, C.G. (Creative Commons Attribution License, 2018)
      We analyse the impact of failing to control invasive alien plants (IAPs) on the water supply to the Berg River and De Hoop Dams, in other words, the opportunity cost of not clearing IAPs in these two catchments. To do this ...
    • The impact of pine plantations on fynbos above-ground vegetation and soil seed bank composition 

      Galloway, A.D.; Holmes, P.M.; Gaertner, M.; Esler, K.J. (Elsevier B.V., 2017)
      Pine plantations and pine invasions have numerous impacts on native ecosystems in the Fynbos biome of South Africa. The severity of these impacts greatly determines the extent of potential ecosystem recovery after the pines ...
    • Impacts of alien plant invasions on water resources and yields from the Western Cape Water Supply System (WCWSS) 

      Le Maitre, D.; Gorgens, A.; Howard, G.; Walker, N. (2019)
      A key motivation for managing invasive alien plant (IAP) species is their impacts on streamflows, which, tor the wetter half of South Africa, are about 970 m(3).ha(-1).a(-1) or 1 444 mill.m(3).a(-1) (2.9% of naturalised ...
    • An integrated, spatio-temporal modelling framework for analysing biological invasions 

      Mang, T.; Essl, F.; Moser, D.; Kleinbauer, I.; Dullinger, S. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2018)
      Aim: We develop a novel modelling framework for analysing the spatio-temporal spread of biological invasions. The framework integrates different invasion drivers and disentangles their roles in determining observed ...
    • Intergrating invasive species policies across ornamental horticulture supply chains to prevent plant invasions. 

      Hulme, P.E.; Brundu, G.; Carboni, M.; Dehnen-Schmutz, K.; Dullinger, S.; Early, R.; Essl, F.; Gonzalez-Moreno, P.; Groom, Q.J.; Kueffer, C.; Kuhn, I.; Maurel, N.; Novoa, A.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Seebens, H.; Tanner, R.; Touza, J.M.; van Kleunen, M.; Vergrugge, L.N.H. (British Ecological Society, 2017)
      1. Ornamental horticulture is the primary pathway for invasive alien plant introductions. We critically appraise published evidence on the effectiveness of four policy instruments that tackle invasions along the horticulture ...
    • Introduced Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas in South Africa: demographic change, genetic diversity and body condition 

      Keightley, J.; von der Heyden, S.; Jackson, S. (NISC (Pty) Ltd and Taylor & Francis, 2015)
      Successful aquaculture species are often chosen for their fast growth rates and fecundity, which are also characteristics of invasive species. The Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, which constitutes 80% of global oyster ...