• Behavioural and chemical evidence for multiple colonisation of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, in the Western Cape, South Africa 

      Mothapo, N.P.; Wossler, T.C. (BioMed Central Ltd., 2011)
      Background: The Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, is a widespread invasive ant species that has successfully established in nearly all continents across the globe. Argentine ants are characterised by a social structure ...
    • Beneficial acclimation and the Bogert effect 

      Marais, E.; Chown, S.L. (Blackwell Publishing Ltd/CNRS. Centre for Invasion Biology, 2008)
      Few studies have examined the extent to which phenotypic plasticity in a given trait might be influenced by behavioural responses to an environmental cue. Regulatory behaviour might eliminate environmental variation such ...
    • Beneficiaries’ aspirations to permanent employment within the South African Working for Water Programme 

      Hough, J.A.; Prozesky, H. (Taylor & Francis, 2012)
      The South African Working for Water (WfW) programme is a short-term public works programme (PWP) focused on clearing invasive alien plants, while training and empowering the marginalised poor to find employment. Furthermore, ...
    • Beneficiary dependence on the South African Working for Water Programme: A multi-site case study of four projects in the Western Cape 

      Hough, Jan Anton (2013-03-04)
      South Africa’s natural environment is internationally recognised for its biodiversity, and therefore deep concern exists regarding the significant impact of invasive alien species (IAS) on that biodiversity. To combat the ...
    • Best practice for the use of scenarios for restoration planning 

      Metzger, J.P.; Esler, K.; Krug, C.; Arias, M.; Tambosi, L.; Crouzeilles, R.; Acosta, A.L.; Brancalion, P.H.S.; D’Albertas, F.; Teixeira Duarte, G.T.; Garcia, L.C.; Grytnes, J-A.; Hagen, D.; Jardim, A.V.F.; Kamiyama, C.; Latawiec, A.E.; Rodrigues, R.R.; Ruggiero, P.G.C.; Sparovek, G.; Strassburg, B.; Saraiva, A.M.; Joly, C. (Elsevier, 2017)
      Scenarios are important tools to facilitate the communication among scientists, practitioners, and decision-makers, and, thus to support policy and management decisions. The use of scenarios has an enormous potential to ...
    • Beta diversity of urban floras among European and non-European cities. 

      La Sorte, F.A.; Aronson, M.F.J.; Williams, N.S.G.; Celesti-Grapow, L.; Cilliers, S.; Clarkson, B.D.; Dolan, R.W.; Hipp, A.; Klotz, S.; Kuhn, I.; Pysek, P.; Siebert, S.; Winter, M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2014)
      Aim Cities represent an ideal study system for assessing how intensive land-use change and biotic interchange have altered beta diversity at broad geographic extents. Here we test the hypothesis that floras in cities located ...
    • Between-lake variation in the trophic ecology of an invasive crayfish 

      Jackson, M.C.; Evangelista, C.; Zhao, T.; Lecerf, A.; Britton, J.R.; Cucherousset, J. (2017-09-28)
      1. The trophic ecology of invasive species has important implications for their impacts on recipient ecosystems, with omnivorous invaders potentially affecting native species and processes over multiple trophic levels. The ...
    • Beyond climate: disturbance niche shifts in invasive species 

      González-Moreno, P.; Diez, J.M.; Richardson, D.M.; Vilà, M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Aim Analysing how species niches shift between native and introduced ranges is a powerful tool for understanding the determinants of species distributions and for anticipating range expansions by invasive species. Most ...
    • Beyond colour: consistent variation in near infrared and solar reflectivity in sunbirds (Nectariniidae) 

      Shawkey, M.D.; Igic, B.; Rogalla, S.; Goldenberg, J.; Clusella-Trullas, S.; D'Alba, L. (Springer, 2017)
      The visible spectrum represents a fraction of the sun’s radiation, a large portion of which is within the near infrared (NIR). However, wavelengths outside of the visible spectrum that are reflected by coloured tissues ...
    • Beyond the continuum: a multi-dimensional phase space for neutral-niche community assembly 

      Latombe, G.; Hui, C.; McGeoch, M.A. (The Royal Society Publishing, 2015)
      Neutral and niche processes are generally considered to interact in natural communities along a continuum, exhibiting community patterns bounded by pure neutral and pure niche processes. The continuum concept uses niche ...
    • Bias, precision and accuracy in the estimation of cuticular and respiratory water loss: A case study from a highly variablecockroach, Perisphaeria sp. 

      Gray, E.M.; Chown, S.L. (Elsevier Ltd., 2008)
      We compared the precision, bias and accuracy of two techniques that were recently proposed to estimate the contributions of cuticular and respiratory water loss to total water loss in insects. We performed measurements of ...
    • A bibliometric analysis to illustrate the role of an embedded research capability in South African National Parks 

      van Wilgen, B.W.; Boshoff, N.; Smit, I.P.J.; Solano-Fernandez, S.; van der Walt, L. (Springer, 2016)
      We conducted a bibliometric analysis of research in or about South African National Parks, published between 2003 and 2013. Our goal was to identify the major research topics, and to examine the role of in-house (‘‘embedded’’) ...
    • Bibliometrics as a tool for measuring gender-specific research performance: An example from South African invasion ecology 

      Prozesky, H.; Boshoff, N. (Springer, 2012)
      Citations to published work are gaining increasing prominence in evaluations of the research performance of scientists. Considering the importance accorded to gender issues in South African science, it is surprising that ...
    • The (bio)diversity of science reflects the interests of society 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Procheş, Ş.; Braschler, B.; Dixon, E.S.; Richardson, D.M. (2007)
      For ecologists to develop robust generalizations and principles, a broad taxonomic and geographic spread of research is required, but, in practice, most generalizations are based on the research of individual scientists ...
    • Biocapacity optimization in regional planning 

      Guo, J.J.; Yue, D.; Li, K.; Hui, C. (Nature, 2017)
      Ecological overshoot has been accelerating across the globe. Optimizing biocapacity has become a key to resolve the overshoot of ecological demand in regional sustainable development. However, most literature has focused ...
    • Biocapacity supply and demand in Northwestern China: a spatial appraisal of sustainability 

      Yue, D.; Xu, X.; Hui, C.; Xiong, Y.; Han, X.; Ma, J. (2011)
      Integrating spatial analysis with the supply and demand of biocapacity is critical for the sustainable development of regional eco-economic systems. Previous studies have focused on the temporal analysis of biocapacity ...
    • Biodiversity assessments: Origin matters 

      Pauchard, A.; Meyerson, L.A.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Brundu, G.; Cadotte, M.W.; Courchamp, F.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Haider, S.; Holmes, N.D.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Lockwood, J.L.; Novoa, A.; Nunez, M.A.; Peltzer, D.A.; Pysek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Simberloff, D.; Smith, K.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Winter, M.; Zenni, R.D. (Creative Commons Attribution License, 2018)
      Recent global efforts in biodiversity accounting, such as those undertaken through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), ...
    • A biodiversity monitoring framework for South Africa: progress and directions 

      Reyers, B.; McGeoch, M.A. (SAEON Reviews, 2007)
      Global declines in biodiversity, and the associated impacts on human wellbeing, have triggered national and international agreements to reduce or halt these trends. The Convention on Biological Diversity’s 2002 commitment, ...
    • Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: Impacts on ecosystems and human well-being 

      Pecl, G.T.; Araujo, M.B.; Bell, J.D.; Blanchard, J.; Bonebrake, T.C.; Chen, I.C.; Clark, T.D.; Colwell, R.K.; Danielsen, F.; Evengard, B.; Falconi, L.; Ferrier, S.; Frusher, S.; Garcia, R.A.; Griffis, R.B.; Hobday, A.J.; Janion-Scheepers, C.; et al. (American Association for the Advancement of Science(AAAS), 2017)
      Distributions of Earth’s species are changing at accelerating rates, increasingly driven by human-mediated climate change. Such changes are already altering the composition of ecological communities, but beyond conservation ...
    • Biofuels and biodiversity in South Africa 

      Blanchard, R.; Richardson, D.M.; O'Farrell, P.J.; van Malititz, G.P. (2011)
      The South African government, as part of its efforts to mitigate the effects of the ongoing energy crisis, has proposed that biofuels should form an important part of the country’s energy supply. The contribution of ...