• Functional traits explain the Hutchinsonian niches of plant species 

      Treurnicht, M.; Pagel, J.; Tonnabel, J.; Esler, K.J.; Slingsby, J.A.; Schurr, F.M. (2020)
      Aim: The Hutchinsonian niche is a foundational concept in ecology and evolutionary biology that describes fundamental characteristics of any species: the global maximum population growth rate (rmax); the niche optimum (the ...
    • Functionally richer communities improve ecosystem functioning: Dung removal and secondary seed dispersal by dung beetles in the Western Palaearctic 

      Milotic, T.; Baltzinger, C.; Eichberg, C.; Eycott, A.E.; Heurich, M.; Muller, J.; Noriega, J.A.; Menendez, R.; Stadler, J.; Adam, R.; Bargmann, T.; Bilger, I.; Buse, J.; Calatayud, J.; Ciubuc, C.; Boros, G.; Jay-Robert, P.; Kruus, M.; Merivee, E.; Miessen, G.; Must, A.; Ardali, E.; Preda, E.; Rahimi, I.; Rohwedder, D.; Rose, R.; Slade, E.M.; Somay, L.; Tahmasebi, P.; Ziani, S.; Hoffmann, M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2019)
      Aim: In several ecosystems, the diversity of functional species traits has been shown to have a stronger effect on ecosystem functioning than taxonomic diversity alone. However, few studies have explored this idea at a ...
    • Fungal planet description sheets 400-468 

      Crous, P.W.; Wingfield, M.J.; Richardson, D.M.; Le Roux, J.J.; Strasberg, D.; Edwards, J.; Roets, F.; Hubka, V.; Taylor, P.W.J.; Heykoop, M.; Martin, M.P.; Moreno, G.; Sutton, D.A.; Wiederhold, N.P.; Barnes, C.W.; Carlavilla, J.R.; Gene, J.; Giraldo, A.; Guarnaccia, V.; Guarro, J.; Hernandez-Restrepo, M.; Kolarik, M.; Manjon, J.L.; Pascoe, I.G.; Popov, E.S.; Sandoval-Denis, M.; Woudenberg, J.H.C.; Acharya, K.; Alexandrova, A.V.; Alvarado, P.; Barbosa, R.N.; Baseia, I.G.; Blanchette, R.A.; Boekhout, T.; Burgess, T.I.; Cano-Lira, J.F.; Cmokova, A.; Dimitrov, R.A.; Dyakov, M.Y.; Duenas, M.; Dutta, A.K.; Esteve-Raventos, F.; Fedosova, A.G.; Fournier, J.; Gamboa, P.; Gouliamova, D.E.; Grebenc, T.; Groenewald, M.; Hanse, B.; Hardy, G.E.S.J.; Held, B.W.; Jurjevic, Z.; Kaewgrajang, T.; Latha, K.P.D.; Lombard, L.; Luangsa-ard, J.J.; Lyskova, P.; Mallatova, N.; Manimohan, P.; Miller, A.N.; Mirabolfathy, M.; Morozova, O.V.; Obodai, M.; Oliveira, N.T.; Ordonez, M.E.; Otto, E.C.; Paloi, S.; Peterson, S.W.; Phosri, C.; Roux, J.; Salazar, W.A.; Sanchez, A.; Sarria, G.A.; Shin, H.D.; Silva, B.D.B.; Silva, G.A.; Smith, M.T.; Souza-Motta, C.M.; Stchigel, A.M.; Stoilova-Disheva, M.M.; Sulzbacher, M.A.; Telleria, M.T.; Toapanta, C.; Traba, J.M.; Valenzuela-Lopez, N.; Watling, R.; Groenewald, J.Z. (Naturalis Biodiversity Center & Centraalbureau voor Schemmelcultures, 2016)
      Novel species of fungi described in the present study include the following from Australia: Vermiculariopsiella eucalypti, Mulderomyces natalis (incl. Mulderomyces gen. nov.), Fusicladium paraamoenum, Neotrimmatostroma ...
    • Fungal Planet description sheets: 469-557 

      Crous, P.W.; Wingfield, M.J.; Burgess, T.I.; Hardy, G.E.S.J.; Crane, C.; Barrett, S.; Cano-Lira, J.F.; Le Roux, J.J.; Thangavel, R.; Guarro, J.; Stchigel, A.M.; Martin, M.P.; Alfredo, D.S.; Barber, P.A.; Barreto, R.W.; Baseia, I.G.; Cano-Canals, J.; Cheewangkoon, R.; Ferreira, R.J.; Gene, J.; Lechat, C.; Moreno, G.; Roets, F.; Shivas, R.G.; Sousa, J.O.; Tan, Y.P.; Wiederhold, N.P.; Abell, S.E.; Accioly, T.; Albizu, J.L.; Alves, J.L.; Antoniolli, Z.I.; Aplin, N.; Araujo, J.; Arzanlou, M.; Bezerra, J.D.P.; Bouchara, J.-P; Carlavilla, J.R.; Castillo, A.; Castroagudin, V.L.; Ceresini, P.C.; Claridge, G.F.; Coelho, G.; Coimbra, V.R.M.; Costa, L.A.; da Cunha, K.C.; da Silva, S.S.; Daniel, R.; de Beer, Z.W.; Duenas, M.; Edwards, J.; Enwistle, P.; Fiuza, P.O.; Fournier, J.; Garcia, D.; Gibertoni, T.B.; Giraud, S.; Guevara-Suarez, M.; Gusmao, L.F.P.; Haituk, S.; Heykoop, M.; Hirooka, Y.; Hofmann, T.A.; Houbraken, J.; Hughes, D.P.; Kautmanova, I.; Koppel, O.; Koukol, O.; Larsson, E.; Latha, K.P.D.; Lee, D.H.; Lisboa, D.O.; Lisboa, W.S.; Lopez-Villalba, A.; Maciel, J.L.N.; Manimohan, P.; Manjon, J.L.; Marincowitz, S.; Marney, T.S.; Meijer, M.; Miller, A.N.; Olariaga, I.; Paiva, L.M.; Piepenburg, M.; Poveda-Molero, J.C.; Raj, K.N.A.; Raja, H.A.; Rougeron, A.; Salcedo, I.; Samadi, R.; Santos, T.A.B.; Scarlett, K.; Seifert, K.A.; Shuttleworth, L.A.; Silva, G.A.; Silva, M.; Siqueira, J.P.Z.; Souza-Motta, C.M.; Stephenson, S.L.; Sutton, D.A.; Tamakeaw, N.; Telleria, M.T.; Valenzuela-Lopez, N.; Viljoen, A.; Visagie, C.M.; Vizzini, A.; Wartchow, F.; Wingfield, B.D.; Yurchenko, E.; Zamora, J.C.; Groenewald, J.Z. (Naturalis Biodiversity Center & Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, 2016)
      Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: Australia: Apiognomonia lasiopetali on Lasiopetalum sp., Blastacervulus eucalyptorum on Eucalyptus adesmophloia, Bullanockia ...
    • Fungal Planet description sheets: 371–399 

      Crous, P.W.; Wingfield, M.J.; Le Roux, J.J.; Richardson, D.M.; Strasberg, D.; Shivas, R.G.; Alvarado, P.; Edwards, J.; Moreno, G.; Sharma, R.; Sonawane, M.S.; Tan, Y.P.; Altes, A.; Barasubiye, T.; Barnes, C.W.; Blanchette, R.A.; Boertmann, D.; Bogo, A.; Carlavilla, J.R.; Cheewangkoon, R.; Daniel, R.; de Beer, Z.W.; de Jesus Yanez-Morales, M.; Duong, T.A.; Fernandez-Vicente, J.; Geering, A.D.W.; Guest, D.I.; Held, B.W.; Heykoop, M.; Hubka, V.; Ismail, A.M.; Kajale, S.C.; Khemmuk, W.; Kolarik, M.; Kurli, R.; Lebeuf, R.; Levesque, C.A.; Lombard, L.; Magista, D.; Manjon, J.L.; Marincowitz, S.; Mohedano, J.M.; Novakova, A.; Oberlies, N.H.; Otto, E.C.; Paguigan, N.D.; Pascoe, I.G.; Perez-Butron, J.L.; Perrone, G.; Rahi, P.; Raja, H.A.; Rintoul, T.; Sanhueza, R.M.V.; Scarlett, K.; Shouche, Y.S.; Shuttleworth, L.A.; Taylor, P.W.J.; Thorn, R.G.; Vawdrey, L.L.; Solano-Vidal, R.; Voitk, A.; Wong, P.T.W.; Wood, A.R.; Zamora, J.C.; Groenewald, J.Z (Naturalis Biodiversity Center, 2015)
      Novel species of fungi described in the present study include the following from Australia: Neoseptorioides eucalypti gen. & sp. nov. from Eucalyptus radiata leaves, Phytophthora gondwanensis from soil, Diaporthe tulliensis ...
    • Further support for thermal ecosystem engineering by wandering albatross 

      Haupt, T.M.; Sinclair, B.J.; Shaw, J.D.; Chown, S.L. (Cambridge University Press, 2016)
      On sub-Antarctic Marion Island, wandering albatross (Diomedea exulans) nests support high abundances of tineid moth, Pringleophaga marioni, caterpillars. Previous work proposed that the birds serve as thermal ecosystem ...
    • Future Ecosystem Services in a Southern African River Basin: a Scenario Planning Approach to Uncertainty 

      Bohensky, EL; Reyers, B; van Jaarsveld, AS (BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, 2006)
      Scenario planning is a promising tool for dealing with uncertainty, but it has been underutilized in ecology and conservation. The use of scenarios to explore ecological dynamics of alternative futures has been given a ...
    • The future of nature: Documents of global change 

      Carruthers, J. (Taylor & Francis, 2014)
    • The fynbos and succulent karoo biomes do not have exceptional local ant richness 

      Braschler, B.; Chown, S.L.; Gaston, K.J. (2012)
      Background: The Fynbos (FB) and Succulent Karoo biomes (SKB) have high regional plant diversity despite relatively low productivity. Local diversity in the region varies but is moderate. For insects, previous work suggests ...
    • Fynbos fires may contribute to the maintenance of high genetic diversity in orange-breasted sunbirds (Anthobaphes violacea) 

      Chan, C.; Jansen van Vuuren, B.; Cherry, M.I. (2011)
      The maintenance of genetic diversity in populations is one of the key concerns in wildlife management. Levels of genetic diversity are partly determined by the evolutionary history of a population and partly by environmental ...
    • Gall inducers take a leap: host-range differences explain speciation opportunity (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) 

      McLeish, M.J.; Schwarz, M.P.; Chapman, T.W. (Australian Entomological Society, 2011)
      Phytophagous insects that specialise on broadly distributed plant groups are exposed to host-species diversity gradients. The gall-inducing thrips genus Kladothrips (Froggatt) that specialise on Australian Acacia Mill. ...
    • Gas exchange characteristics, metabolic rate and water loss of the Heelwalker, Karoophasma biedouwensis (Mantophasmatodea : Austrophasmatidae) 

      Chown, SL; Marais, E; Picker, MD; Terblanche, JS (PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2006-05)
      This study presents the first physiological information for a member of the wingless Mantophasmatodea, or Heelwalkers. This species shows cyclic gas exchange with no evidence of a Flutter period (more typical of discontinuous ...
    • Gas exchange patterns and water loss rates in the Table Mountain cockroach, Aptera fusca (Blattodea: Blaberidae) 

      Groenewald, B.; Bazelet, C.; Potter, C.P.; Terblanche, J.S. (Company of Biologists, 2013)
      The importance of metabolic rate and/or spiracle modulation for saving respiratory water is contentious. One major explanation for gas exchange pattern variation in terrestrial insects is to effect a respiratory water ...
    • Gastropods alien to South Africa cause severe environmental harm in their global alien ranges across habitats 

      Kesner, D.; Kumschick, S. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2018)
      Alien gastropods have caused extensive harm to biodiversity and socioeconomic systems like agriculture and horticulture worldwide. For conservation and management purposes, information on impacts needs to be easily ...
    • A general framework for animal density estimation from acoustic detections across a fixed microphone array 

      Stevenson, B.C.; Borchers, D.L.; Altwegg, R.; Swift, R.J.; Gillespie, D.M.; Measey, G.J. (British Ecological Society, 2015)
      1. Acoustic monitoring can be an efficient, cheap, non-invasive alternative to physical trapping of individuals. Spatially explicit capture–recapture (SECR) methods have been proposed to estimate calling animal abundance and ...
    • A general method for parameter estimation in light-response models 

      Chen, L.; Li, Z.B.; Hui, C.; Cheng, X.; Li, B.L.; Shi, P.J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      Selecting appropriate initial values is critical for parameter estimation in nonlinear photosynthetic light response models. Failed convergence often occurs due to wrongly selected initial values when using currently ...
    • A general model for alien species richness 

      Duncan, R.P.; Cassey, P.; Pigot, A.L.; Blackburn, T.M. (2019)
      A key question in invasion biology is why some regions have more alien species than others. Here, we provide a general framework to answer this. We model alien species richness as a function of the number of species ...
    • Generalised pollination systems for three invasive milkweeds in Australia 

      Ward, M.; Johnson, S.D. (German Botanical Society and The Royal Botanical Society of the Netherlands, 2013)
      Because most plants require pollinator visits for seed production, the ability of an introduced plant species to establish pollinator relationships in a new ecosystem may have a central role in determining its success or ...
    • The generic impact scoring system (GISS): a standardized tool to quantify the impacts of alien species. 

      Nentwig, W.; Bacher, S.; Pysek, P.; Vila, M.; Kumschick, S. (Springer, 2016)
      Alien species can exert negative environmental and socio-economic impacts. Therefore, administrations from different sectors are trying to prevent further introductions, stop the spread of established species, and apply ...