• Addressing a critique of the TEASI framework for invasive species risk assessment 

      Leung, B.; Roura-Pascual, N.; Bacher, S.; Heikkila, J.; Brotons, L.; Burgman, M.A.; Dehnen-Schmutz, K.; Essl, F.; Hulme, P.E.; Richardson, D.M.; Sol, D.; Vila, M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS, 2013)
      We address criticism that the Transport, Establishment, Abundance, Spread, Impact (TEASI) framework does not facilitate objective mapping of risk assessment methods nor defines best practice. We explain why TEASI is ...
    • Appropriate uses of EICAT protocol, data and classifications 

      Kumschick, S.; Bacher, S.; Bertolino, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Evans, T.; Roy, H.E.; Smith, K. (2020)
      The Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT) can be used to classify alien taxa according to the magnitude and type of their environmental impacts. The EICAT protocol, classifications of alien taxa using ...
    • Biodiversity assessments: Origin matters 

      Pauchard, A.; Meyerson, L.A.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Brundu, G.; Cadotte, M.W.; Courchamp, F.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Haider, S.; Holmes, N.D.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Lockwood, J.L.; Novoa, A.; Nunez, M.A.; Peltzer, D.A.; Pysek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Simberloff, D.; Smith, K.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Winter, M.; Zenni, R.D. (Creative Commons Attribution License, 2018)
      Recent global efforts in biodiversity accounting, such as those undertaken through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), ...
    • Comparing impacts of alien plants and animals in Europe using a standard scoring system 

      Kumschick, S.; Bacher, S.; Evans, T.; Markova, Z.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Vaes-Petignat, S.; van der Veer, G.; Villa, M.; Nentwig, W. (British Ecological Society, 2015-06)
      1. Alien species can change the recipient environment in various ways, and some of them cause considerable damage. Understanding such impacts is crucial to direct management actions. This study addresses the following ...
    • A conceptual framework for prioritization of invasive alien species for management according to their impact 

      Kumschick, S.; Bacher, S.; Dawson, W.; Heikkilä, J.; Sendek, A.; Pluess, T.; Robinson, T.B.; Kühn, I. (Pensoft, 2012)
      The number of invasive alien species is increasing and so are the impacts these species cause to the environment and economies. Nevertheless, resources for management are limited, which makes prioritization unavoidable. ...
    • A conceptual framework for range-expanding species that track human-induced environmental change 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kühn, I.; Lenzner, B.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Seebens, H.; van Kleunen, M.; van der Putten, W.H.; Vilà, M.; Bacher, S. (2019)
      For many species, human-induced environmental changes are important indirect drivers of range expansion into new regions. We argue that it is important to distinguish the range dynamics of such species from those that occur ...
    • Crossing frontiers in tackling pathways of biological invasions 

      Essl, F.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Booy, O.; Brundu, G.; Brunel, S.; Cardoso, A.C.; Eschen, R.; Gallardo, B.; Galil, B.; Garcia-Berthou, E.; Genovesi, P.; Groom, Q.; Harrower, C.; Hulme, P.E.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kenis, M.; Kuhn, I.; Kumschick, S.; Martinou, A.F.; Nentwig, W.; O'Flynn, C.; Pagad, S.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roques, A.; Roy, H.E.; Scalera, R.; Schindler, S.; Seebens, H.; Vanderhoeven, S.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Zenetos, A.; Jeschke, J.M. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Substantial progress has been made in understanding how pathways underlie and mediate biological invasions. However, key features of their role in invasions remain poorly understood, available knowledge is widely scattered, ...
    • Defining the impact of non-native species 

      Jeschke, J.M.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Dick, J.T.A.; Essl, F.; Evans, T.; Gaertner, M.; Hulme, P.E.; Kühn, I.; Mrugala, A.; Pergl, J.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Ricciardi, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Sendek, A.; Vilá, M.; Winter, M.; Kumschick, S. (Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the Society for Conservation Biology, 2014)
      Non-native species cause changes in the ecosystems to which they are introduced. These changes, or some of them, are usually termed impacts; they can be manifold and potentially damaging to ecosystems and biodiversity. ...
    • Developing a framework of minimum standards for the risk assessment of alien species. 

      Roy, H.E.; Rabitsch, W.; Scalera, R.; Stewart, A.; Gallardo, B.; Genovesi, P.; Essl, F.; Adriaens, T.; Bacher, S.; Booy, O.; Branquart, E.; Brunel, S.; Copp, G.H.; Dean, H.; D'hondt, B.; Josefsson, M.; Kenis, M.; Kettunen, M.; Linnamagi, M.; Lucy, F.; Martinou, A.; Moore, N.; Nentwig, W.; Nieto, A.; Pergl, J.; Peyton, J.; Roques, A.; Schindler, S.; Schönrogge, K.; Solarz, W.; Stebbing, P.D.; Trichkova, T.; Vanderhoeven, S.; van Valkenburg, J.; Zenetos, A. (British Ecological Society, 2018)
      1. Biological invasions are a threat to biodiversity, society and the economy. There is an urgent need to provide evidence-based assessments of the risks posed by invasive alien species (IAS) to prioritize action. Risk ...
    • Drivers of future alien species impacts: an expert-based assessment 

      Essl, F.; Lenzner, B.; Bacher, S.; Bailey, S.; Capinha, C.; Daehler, C.; Dullinger, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hui, C.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kühn, I.; Leung, B.; Liebhold, A.; Liu, C.; MacIsaac, H.J.; Meyerson, L.A.; Nuñez, M.A.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roy, H.E.; Ruiz, G.M.; Russell, J.C.; Sanders, N.J.; Sax, D.F.; Scalera, R.; Seebens, H.; Springborn, M.; Turbelin, A.; van Kleunen, M.; von Holle, B.; Winter, M.; Zenni, R.D.; Mattsson, B.J.; Roura-Pascual, N. (2020)
      Understanding the likely future impacts of biological invasions is crucial yet highly challenging given the multiple relevant environmental, socio-economic and societal contexts and drivers. In the absence of quantitative ...
    • Ecological impacts of alien species: Quantification, scope, caveats, and recommendations 

      Kumschick, S.; Gaertner, M.; Vila, M.; Essl, F.; Jeschke, J.M.; Pysek, P.; Ricciardi, A.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Dick, J.T.A.; Evans, T.; Hulme, P.E.; Kuhn, I.; Mrugala, A.; Pergl, J.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Sendek, A.; Winter, M. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Despite intensive research during the past decade on the effects of alien species, invasion science still lacks the capacity to accurately predict the impacts of those species and, therefore, to provide timely advice to ...
    • Framework and guidelines for implementing the proposed IUCN Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT) 

      Hawkins, C.L.; Bacher, S.; Essl, F.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Kuhn, I.; Kumschick, S.; Nentwig, W.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Genovesi, P.; Blackburn, T.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Recently, Blackburn et al. (2014) developed a simple, objective and transparent method for classifying alien taxa in terms of the magnitude of their detrimental environmental impacts in recipient areas. Here, we present a ...
    • Frameworks used in invasion science: progress and prospects 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Bacher, S.; Daehler, C.C.; Groom, Q.J.; Kumschick, S.; Lockwood, J.L.; Robinson, T.B.; Zengeya, T.A.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
      Our understanding and management of biological invasions relies on our ability to classify and conceptualise the phenomenon. This need has stimulated the development of a plethora of frameworks, ranging in nature from ...
    • The generic impact scoring system (GISS): a standardized tool to quantify the impacts of alien species. 

      Nentwig, W.; Bacher, S.; Pysek, P.; Vila, M.; Kumschick, S. (Springer, 2016)
      Alien species can exert negative environmental and socio-economic impacts. Therefore, administrations from different sectors are trying to prevent further introductions, stop the spread of established species, and apply ...
    • Global rise in emerging alien species results from increased accessibility of new source pools. 

      Sebeens, H.; Blackburn, T.M.; Dyer, E.E.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Pagad, S.; Pyšek, P.; van Kleunen, M.; Winter, M.; Ansong, M.; Arianoutsou, M.; Bacher, S.; Blasius, B.; Brockerhoff, E.G.; Brundu, G.; Capinha, C.; Causton, C.E.; Celesti-Grapow, L.; Dawson, W.; Dullinger, S.; Economo, E.P.; Fuentes, N.; Guénard, B.; Jäger, H.; Kartesz, J.; Kenis, M.; Kühn, I.; Lenzner, B.; Liebhold, A.M.; Mosena, A.; Moser, D.; Nentwig, W.; Nishino, M.; Pearman, D.; Pergl, J.; Rabitsch, W.; Rojas-Sandoval, J.; Roques, A.; Rorke, S.; Rossinelli, S.; Roy, H.E.; Scalera, R.; Schindler, S.; Štajerová, K.; Tokarska-Guzik, B.; Walker, K.; Ward, D.F.; Yamanaka, T.; Essl, F. (National Academy of Science, 2018)
      Our ability to predict the identity of future invasive alien species is largely based upon knowledge of prior invasion history. Emerging alien species—those never encountered as aliens before—therefore pose a significant ...
    • The importance of assessing positive and beneficial impacts of alien species 

      Vimercati, G.; Kumschick, S.; Probert, A.F.; Volery, L.; Bacher, S. (2020)
      Extensive literature is available on the diversity and magnitude of impacts that alien species cause on recipient systems. Alien species may decrease or increase attributes of ecosystems (e.g. total biomass or species ...
    • Improving the Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT): a summary of revisions to the framework and guidelines 

      Volery, L.; Blackburn, T.M.; Bertolino, S.; Evans, T.; Genovesi, P.; Kumschick, S.; Roy, H.E.; Smith, K.G.; Bacher, S. (2020)
      The Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT) classifies the impacts caused by alien species in their introduced range in standardised terms across taxa and recipient environments. Impacts are classified ...
    • Invasion costs, impacts, and human agency: response to Sagoff 2020 

      Cuthbert, R.N.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Briski, E.; Diagne, C.; Dick, J.T.A.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Haubrock, P.J.; Latombe, G.; Lenzner, B.; Meinard, Y.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Ricciardi, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Russell, J.C.; Simberloff, D.; Courchamp, F. (2020)
      Article impact statement: In an era of profound biodiversity crisis, invasion costs, invader impacts, and human agency should not be dismissed.
    • Invasion syndromes: a systematic approach for predicting biological invasions and facilitating effective management 

      Novoa, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Pyšek, P.; Meyerson, L.A.; Bacher, S.; Canavan, S.; Catford, J.A.; Čuda, J.; Essl, F.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Genovesi, P.; Hirsch, H.; Hui, C.; Jackson, M.C.; Kueffer, C.; Le Roux, J.J.; Measey, J.; Mohanty, N.P.; Moodley, D.; Müller-Schärer, H.; Packer, J.G.; Pergl, J.; Robinson, T.B.; Saul, W.C.; Shackleton, R.T.; Visser, V.; Weyl, O.L.F.; Yannelli, F.A.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2020)
      Our ability to predict invasions has been hindered by the seemingly idiosyncratic context-dependency of individual invasions. However, we argue that robust and useful generalisations in invasion science can be made by ...
    • MAcroecological Framework for Invasive Aliens (MAFIA): disentangling large-scale context dependence in biological invasions 

      Pyšek, P.; Bacher, S.; Kühn, I.; Novoa, A.; Catford, J.A.; Hulme, P.E.; Pergl, J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Blackburn, T.M. (2020)
      Macroecology is the study of patterns, and the processes that determine those patterns, in the distribution and abundance of organisms at large scales, whether they be spatial (from hundreds of kilometres to global), ...