• Applying the Convention on Biological Diversity Pathway Classification to alien species in Europe 

      Pergl, J.; Brundu, G.; Harrower, C.A.; Cardoso, A.C.; Genovesi, P.; Katsanevakis, S.; Lozano, V.; Perglova, I.; Rabitsch, W.; Richards, G.; Roques, A.; Rorke, S.L.; Scalera, R.; Schonrogge, K.; Stewart, A.; Tricarico, E.; Tsiamis, K.; Vannini, A.; Vil, M.; Zenetos, A.; Roy, H.E. (2020)
      The number of alien species arriving within new regions has increased at unprecedented rates. Managing the pathways through which alien species arrive and spread is important to reduce the threat of biological invasions. ...
    • A conceptual framework for range-expanding species that track human-induced environmental change 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kühn, I.; Lenzner, B.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Seebens, H.; van Kleunen, M.; van der Putten, W.H.; Vilà, M.; Bacher, S. (2019)
      For many species, human-induced environmental changes are important indirect drivers of range expansion into new regions. We argue that it is important to distinguish the range dynamics of such species from those that occur ...
    • Crossing frontiers in tackling pathways of biological invasions 

      Essl, F.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Booy, O.; Brundu, G.; Brunel, S.; Cardoso, A.C.; Eschen, R.; Gallardo, B.; Galil, B.; Garcia-Berthou, E.; Genovesi, P.; Groom, Q.; Harrower, C.; Hulme, P.E.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kenis, M.; Kuhn, I.; Kumschick, S.; Martinou, A.F.; Nentwig, W.; O'Flynn, C.; Pagad, S.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roques, A.; Roy, H.E.; Scalera, R.; Schindler, S.; Seebens, H.; Vanderhoeven, S.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Zenetos, A.; Jeschke, J.M. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Substantial progress has been made in understanding how pathways underlie and mediate biological invasions. However, key features of their role in invasions remain poorly understood, available knowledge is widely scattered, ...
    • Defining the impact of non-native species 

      Jeschke, J.M.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Dick, J.T.A.; Essl, F.; Evans, T.; Gaertner, M.; Hulme, P.E.; Kühn, I.; Mrugala, A.; Pergl, J.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Ricciardi, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Sendek, A.; Vilá, M.; Winter, M.; Kumschick, S. (Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the Society for Conservation Biology, 2014)
      Non-native species cause changes in the ecosystems to which they are introduced. These changes, or some of them, are usually termed impacts; they can be manifold and potentially damaging to ecosystems and biodiversity. ...
    • Delayed biodiversity change: no time to waste 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Rabitsch, W.; Hulme, P.E.; Pysek, P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (Elsevier Ltd., 2015)
      Delayed biodiversity responses to environmental forcing mean that rates of contemporary biodiversity changes are underestimated, yet these delays are rarely addressed in conservation policies. Here, we identify mechanisms ...
    • Developing a framework of minimum standards for the risk assessment of alien species. 

      Roy, H.E.; Rabitsch, W.; Scalera, R.; Stewart, A.; Gallardo, B.; Genovesi, P.; Essl, F.; Adriaens, T.; Bacher, S.; Booy, O.; Branquart, E.; Brunel, S.; Copp, G.H.; Dean, H.; D'hondt, B.; Josefsson, M.; Kenis, M.; Kettunen, M.; Linnamagi, M.; Lucy, F.; Martinou, A.; Moore, N.; Nentwig, W.; Nieto, A.; Pergl, J.; Peyton, J.; Roques, A.; Schindler, S.; Schönrogge, K.; Solarz, W.; Stebbing, P.D.; Trichkova, T.; Vanderhoeven, S.; van Valkenburg, J.; Zenetos, A. (British Ecological Society, 2018)
      1. Biological invasions are a threat to biodiversity, society and the economy. There is an urgent need to provide evidence-based assessments of the risks posed by invasive alien species (IAS) to prioritize action. Risk ...
    • Drivers of future alien species impacts: an expert-based assessment 

      Essl, F.; Lenzner, B.; Bacher, S.; Bailey, S.; Capinha, C.; Daehler, C.; Dullinger, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hui, C.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kühn, I.; Leung, B.; Liebhold, A.; Liu, C.; MacIsaac, H.J.; Meyerson, L.A.; Nuñez, M.A.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roy, H.E.; Ruiz, G.M.; Russell, J.C.; Sanders, N.J.; Sax, D.F.; Scalera, R.; Seebens, H.; Springborn, M.; Turbelin, A.; van Kleunen, M.; von Holle, B.; Winter, M.; Zenni, R.D.; Mattsson, B.J.; Roura-Pascual, N. (2020)
      Understanding the likely future impacts of biological invasions is crucial yet highly challenging given the multiple relevant environmental, socio-economic and societal contexts and drivers. In the absence of quantitative ...
    • Ecological impacts of alien species: Quantification, scope, caveats, and recommendations 

      Kumschick, S.; Gaertner, M.; Vila, M.; Essl, F.; Jeschke, J.M.; Pysek, P.; Ricciardi, A.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Dick, J.T.A.; Evans, T.; Hulme, P.E.; Kuhn, I.; Mrugala, A.; Pergl, J.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Sendek, A.; Winter, M. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Despite intensive research during the past decade on the effects of alien species, invasion science still lacks the capacity to accurately predict the impacts of those species and, therefore, to provide timely advice to ...
    • Europe's other debt crisis caused by the long legacy of future extinctions 

      Dullinger, S.; Essl, F.; Rabitsch, W.; Erb, K.H.; Gingrich, S.; Haberl, H.; Hulber, K.; Jarosik, V.; Krausmann, F.; Kuhn, I.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Hulme, P.E. (National Academy of Sciences, 2013-01-22)
      Rapid economic development in the past century has translated into severe pressures on species survival as a result of increasing land-use change, environmental pollution, and the spread of invasive alien species. However, ...
    • Framework and guidelines for implementing the proposed IUCN Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT) 

      Hawkins, C.L.; Bacher, S.; Essl, F.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Kuhn, I.; Kumschick, S.; Nentwig, W.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Genovesi, P.; Blackburn, T.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Recently, Blackburn et al. (2014) developed a simple, objective and transparent method for classifying alien taxa in terms of the magnitude of their detrimental environmental impacts in recipient areas. Here, we present a ...
    • Global rise in emerging alien species results from increased accessibility of new source pools. 

      Sebeens, H.; Blackburn, T.M.; Dyer, E.E.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Pagad, S.; Pyšek, P.; van Kleunen, M.; Winter, M.; Ansong, M.; Arianoutsou, M.; Bacher, S.; Blasius, B.; Brockerhoff, E.G.; Brundu, G.; Capinha, C.; Causton, C.E.; Celesti-Grapow, L.; Dawson, W.; Dullinger, S.; Economo, E.P.; Fuentes, N.; Guénard, B.; Jäger, H.; Kartesz, J.; Kenis, M.; Kühn, I.; Lenzner, B.; Liebhold, A.M.; Mosena, A.; Moser, D.; Nentwig, W.; Nishino, M.; Pearman, D.; Pergl, J.; Rabitsch, W.; Rojas-Sandoval, J.; Roques, A.; Rorke, S.; Rossinelli, S.; Roy, H.E.; Scalera, R.; Schindler, S.; Štajerová, K.; Tokarska-Guzik, B.; Walker, K.; Ward, D.F.; Yamanaka, T.; Essl, F. (National Academy of Science, 2018)
      Our ability to predict the identity of future invasive alien species is largely based upon knowledge of prior invasion history. Emerging alien species—those never encountered as aliens before—therefore pose a significant ...
    • The harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis: global perspectives on invasion history and ecology 

      Roy, H.E.; Brown, P.M.J.; Adriaens, T.; Berkvens, N.; Borges, I.; Clusella-Trullas, S.; Comont, R.F.; De Clerq, P.; Eschen, R.; Estoup, A.; Evans, E.W.; Facon, B.; Gardiner, M.M.; Gil, A.; Grez, A.A.; Guillemaud, T.; Haelewaters, D.; Herz, A.; Honek, A.; Howe, A.G.; Hui, C.; Hutchison, W.D.; Kenis, M.; Koch, R.L.; Kulfan, J.; Lawson Handley, L.; Lombaert, E.; Loomans, A.; Losey, J.; Lukashuk, A.O.; Maes, D.; Magro, A.; Murray, K.M.; Martin, G.S.; Martinkova, Z.; Minnaar, I.A.; Nedved, O.; Orlova-Bienkowskaja, M.J.; Osawa, N.; Rabitsch, W.; Ravn, H.P.; Rondoni, G.; Rorke, S.L.; Ryndevich, S.K.; Saethre, M.-G.; Sloggett, J.J.; Soares, A.O.; Stals, R.; Tinsley, M.C.; Vandereycken, A.; van Wielink, P.; Viglasova, S.; Zach, P.; Zakharov, I.A.; Zaviezo, T.; Zhao, Z. (Springer, 2016)
      The harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), is native to Asia but has been intentionally introduced to many countries as a biological control agent of pest insects. In numerous countries, ...
    • Historical legacies accumulate to shape future biodiversity in an era of rapid global change 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Rabitsch, W.; Hulme, P.E.; Pysek, P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Aim Biodiversity responses to changing environmental forcing on species are often characterized by considerable time-lags (= relaxation times). Although changes to the occurrence and abundance of species likely have cascading ...
    • Intentionally introduced terrestrial invertebrates: patterns, risks, and options for management 

      Kumschick, S.; Devenish, A.; Kenis, M.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2016-04-21)
      Our understanding and management of pathways of alien species introductions has improved significantly in the past few years. However, little attention has been paid in most parts of the world to the risks posed by the ...
    • Non-native and native organisms moving into high elevation and high latitude ecosystems in an era of climate change: new challenges for ecology and conservation 

      Pauchard, A.; Milbau, A.; Albihn, A.; Alexander, J.; Burgess, T.; Daehler, C.; Englund, G.; Essl, F.; Evengard, B.; Greenwood, G.B.; Haider, S.; Lenoir, J.; McDougall, K.; Muths, E.; Nunez, M.A.; Olofsson, J.; Pellissier, L.; Rabitsch, W.; Rew, L.J.; Robertson, M.; Sanders, N.; Kueffer, C. (Springer, 2016)
      Cold environments at high elevation and high latitude are often viewed as resistant to biological invasions. However, climate warming, land use change and associated increased connectivity all increase the risk of biological ...
    • Open minded and open access: introducing NeoBiota, a new peer-reviewed journal of biological invasions 

      Kühn, I.; Kowarik, I.; Kollmann, J.; Starfinger, U.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Bustamante, R.O.; Celesti-Grapow, L.; Chytrý, M.; Colautti, R.I; Essl, F.; Foxcroft, L.C.; García-Berthou, E.; Gollasch, S.; Hierro, J.; Hufbauer, R.A.; Hulme, P.E.; Jarošík, V.; Jeschke, J.M.; Karrer, G.; Mack, R.N.; Molofsky, J.; Murray, B.R.; Nentwig, W.; Osborne, B.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Rejmánek, M.; Roques, A.; Shaw, R.; Sol, D.; Vilà, M.; van Kleunen, M.; von der Lippe, M.; Wolfe, L.M.; Penev, L. (PenSoft, 2011)
      The Editorial presents the focus, scope, policies, and the inaugural issue of NeoBiota, a new open access peer-reviewed journal of biological invasions. The new journal NeoBiota is a continuation of the former NEOBIOTA ...
    • Prioritising pathways of unintentional introduction and spread of invasive alien species in Germany 

      Rabitsch, W.; Heger, T.; Jeschke, J.M.; Saul, W.-C. (2018)
      To implement Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014, the most important pathways of unintentional introduction and spread of invasive alien species of Union concern in Germany need to be identified. Based on the standardised pathway ...
    • Scientific and normative foundations for the valuation of alien-species impacts: Thirteen core principles 

      Essl, F.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Keller, R.; Pysek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Saul, W.C.; Bacher, S.; Dullinger, S.; Estevez, R.A.; Kueffer, C.; Roy, H.E.; Seebens, H.; Rabitsch, W. (Oxford University Press, 2017)
      Biological invasions cause many impacts that differ widely in how they are perceived. We argue that many conflicts in the valuation of the impacts of alien species are attributable to differences in the framing of the issue ...
    • Socio-economic impact classification of alien taxa (SEICAT) 

      Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Heikkilä, J.; Jeschke, J.M.; Jones, G.; Keller, R.; Kenis, M.; Kueffer, C.; Martinou, A.F.; Nentwig, W.; Pergl, J.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roy, H.E.; Saul, W.-C.; Scalera, R.; Vilà, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Kumschick, S. (British Ecological Society, 2018)
      1. Many alien taxa are known to cause socio-economic impacts by affecting the different constituents of human well-being (security; material and non-material assets; health; social, spiritual and cultural relations; freedom ...
    • Temporal and interspecific variation in rates of spread for insect species invading Europe during the last 200 years 

      Roques, A.; Auger-Rozenberg, M.-A.; Blackburn, T.M.; Garnas, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Wingfield, M.J.; Liebhold, A.M.; Duncan, R.P. (Springer, 2016)
      Globalization is triggering an increase in the establishment of alien insects in Europe, with several species having substantial ecological and economic impacts. We investigated long-term changes in rates of species spread ...