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dc.contributor.authorLee, Jennifer E.
dc.contributor.authorSomers, Michael J,
dc.contributor.authorChown, Steven L.
dc.date.accessioned2012-03-01T06:44:54Z
dc.date.available2012-03-01T06:44:54Z
dc.date.issued2012-02
dc.identifier.citationLee, J.E., Somers, M.J. & Chown, S.L. 2012. Density, body size and sex ratio of an indigenous spider along an altitudinal gradient in the sub-Antarctic. Antarctic Science. 24(1): 15–22.en
dc.identifier.issn0954-1020en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1101
dc.description.abstractAlthough spiders are a diverse and ecologically important group of predators across thesub-Antarctic islands, relatively little is known about their biology. Here we provide data on the abundance,body size variation and sex ratio of an indigenous spider, Myro kerguelenensis, across an altitudinal gradient on Marion Island. In so doing we test explicitly the hypotheses that density will decline with declining resource availability at higher elevations, and that a converse Bergmann body size cline will be found in this species. Density of M. kerguelenensis decreased with altitude and ranged from a mean density of 5.3 (SD 3.42) individuals per m2 at 50m a.s.l. to a mean density of 0.83 (SD 1.15) individuals per m2 at 600m a.s.l. Mean female sternum width was 1.39mm (SD 0.44) and mean male sternum width was 1.40mm (SD 0.22). No evidence for Bergmann or converse Bergmann clines was found. At increasing altitudes, sex ratios became increasingly female-biased with populations at 600m a.s.l. comprising 0.87 (SD 0.28) females, on a proportional basis, possibly as a result of resource limitation and an increase in the prevalence of sexual cannibalism. The food web implications of this study are highlighted.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe work was supported by a USAID grant to SLC and by the South African Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism. The South African National Antarctic Programme provided logistic support.en
dc.format.extent141415 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherCambridge Journalsen
dc.subjectAraneaeen
dc.subjectBergman body size clineen
dc.subjectMarion Islanden
dc.subjectMyro kerguelenensisen
dc.titleDensity, body size and sex ratio of an indigenous spider along an altitudinal gradient in the sub-Antarcticen
dc.typeJournalArticlesen
dc.cibjournalAntarctic Scienceen
dc.cibprojectLarge-scale patterns in diversityen


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