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dc.contributor.authorVardien, W.
dc.contributor.authorRichardson, D.M.
dc.contributor.authorFoxcroft, L.C.
dc.contributor.authorThompson, G.
dc.contributor.authorWilson, J.R.
dc.contributor.authorLe Roux, J.C.
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-10T10:55:59Z
dc.date.available2012-12-10T10:55:59Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.issn0254-6299en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1164
dc.description.abstractLantana camara L. (sensu lato) has a wide range of impacts throughout its global invasive range. Here we review the mechanisms driving its invasion dynamics in South Africa at national (biome, habitat) and regional (within a protected area) scales. Although only three introduction events into South Africa have been recorded (the earliest in 1858), as of 1998 L. camara was found in over 2million ha (total area), with a condensed area of about 70,000 ha. Moreover, L. camara is present in most of the country's major biomes and a diversity of habitats, confirming its broad ecological tolerance. Using correlative bioclimatic models, we show that under future climate conditions, L. camara's range in South Africa could expand considerably over the coming decades. While human-mediated dispersal and climatic suitability have been crucial in shaping L. camara's current broad-scale distribution in South Africa, dispersal by birds and along rivers are important drivers of invasion at landscape scales. For example, current evidence suggests that in the Kruger National Park, L. camara has spread primarily along rivers. We conclude with a discussion on the implications of the different invasion dynamics for biological control and management, and provide recommendations for future research.en
dc.description.sponsorshipCenter for Invasion Biology, Working for Water, Stellenbosch University Subcommittee B, National Research Foundation.en
dc.format.extent1860795 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectlantana camaraen
dc.subjectinvasive speciesen
dc.titleInvasion dynamics of Lantana camara L. (sensu lato) in South Africa.en
dc.typeJournalArticlesen
dc.cibjournalSouth African Journal of Botanyen
dc.cibprojectSHORT-TERM RESEARCHen


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