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dc.contributor.authorKumschick, S.
dc.contributor.authorGaertner, M.
dc.contributor.authorVila, M.
dc.contributor.authorEssl, F.
dc.contributor.authorJeschke, J.M.
dc.contributor.authorPysek, P.
dc.contributor.authorRicciardi, A.
dc.contributor.authorBacher, S.
dc.contributor.authorBlackburn, T.M.
dc.contributor.authorDick, J.T.A.
dc.contributor.authorEvans, T.
dc.contributor.authorHulme, P.E.
dc.contributor.authorKuhn, I.
dc.contributor.authorMrugala, A.
dc.contributor.authorPergl, J.
dc.contributor.authorRabitsch, W.
dc.contributor.authorRichardson, D.M.
dc.contributor.authorSendek, A.
dc.contributor.authorWinter, M.
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-29T07:40:39Z
dc.date.available2015-06-29T07:40:39Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationKumschick, S.; Gaertner, M.; Vila, M.; Essl, F.; Jeschke, J.M.; Pysek, P.; Ricciardi, A.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Dick, J.T.A.; Evans, T.; Hulme, P.E.; Kuhn, I.; Mrugala, A.; Pergl, J.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Sendek, A.; Winter, M. (2015) Ecological impacts of alien species: Quantification, scope, caveats, and recommendations. BioScience, 65(1):55-63en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1719
dc.description.abstractDespite intensive research during the past decade on the effects of alien species, invasion science still lacks the capacity to accurately predict the impacts of those species and, therefore, to provide timely advice to managers on where limited resources should be allocated. This capacity has been limited partly by the context-dependent nature of ecological impacts, research highly skewed toward certain taxa and habitat types, and the lack of standardized methods for detecting and quantifying impacts. We review different strategies, including specific experimental and observational approaches, for detecting and quantifying the ecological impacts of alien species. These include a four-way experimental plot design for comparing impact studies of different organisms. Furthermore, we identify hypothesis-driven parameters that should be measured at invaded sites to maximize insights into the nature of the impact. We also present strategies for recognizing high-impact species. Our recommendations provide a foundation for developing systematic quantitative measurements to allow comparisons of impacts across alien species, sites, and time.en
dc.format.extent548190 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen
dc.subjectbiological invasionsen
dc.subjectcontext dependenceen
dc.subjectecosystem functioningen
dc.subjectmanagementen
dc.subjectpredictionen
dc.titleEcological impacts of alien species: Quantification, scope, caveats, and recommendationsen
dc.typeJournalArticlesen
dc.cibjournalBioScienceen
dc.cibprojectNAen


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