• Addressing a critique of the TEASI framework for invasive species risk assessment 

      Leung, B.; Roura-Pascual, N.; Bacher, S.; Heikkila, J.; Brotons, L.; Burgman, M.A.; Dehnen-Schmutz, K.; Essl, F.; Hulme, P.E.; Richardson, D.M.; Sol, D.; Vila, M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS, 2013)
      We address criticism that the Transport, Establishment, Abundance, Spread, Impact (TEASI) framework does not facilitate objective mapping of risk assessment methods nor defines best practice. We explain why TEASI is ...
    • Biodiversity assessments: Origin matters 

      Pauchard, A.; Meyerson, L.A.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Brundu, G.; Cadotte, M.W.; Courchamp, F.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Haider, S.; Holmes, N.D.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Lockwood, J.L.; Novoa, A.; Nunez, M.A.; Peltzer, D.A.; Pysek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Simberloff, D.; Smith, K.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Winter, M.; Zenni, R.D. (Creative Commons Attribution License, 2018)
      Recent global efforts in biodiversity accounting, such as those undertaken through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), ...
    • A conceptual framework for range-expanding species that track human-induced environmental change 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kühn, I.; Lenzner, B.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Seebens, H.; van Kleunen, M.; van der Putten, W.H.; Vilà, M.; Bacher, S. (2019)
      For many species, human-induced environmental changes are important indirect drivers of range expansion into new regions. We argue that it is important to distinguish the range dynamics of such species from those that occur ...
    • Crossing frontiers in tackling pathways of biological invasions 

      Essl, F.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Booy, O.; Brundu, G.; Brunel, S.; Cardoso, A.C.; Eschen, R.; Gallardo, B.; Galil, B.; Garcia-Berthou, E.; Genovesi, P.; Groom, Q.; Harrower, C.; Hulme, P.E.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kenis, M.; Kuhn, I.; Kumschick, S.; Martinou, A.F.; Nentwig, W.; O'Flynn, C.; Pagad, S.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roques, A.; Roy, H.E.; Scalera, R.; Schindler, S.; Seebens, H.; Vanderhoeven, S.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Zenetos, A.; Jeschke, J.M. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Substantial progress has been made in understanding how pathways underlie and mediate biological invasions. However, key features of their role in invasions remain poorly understood, available knowledge is widely scattered, ...
    • Defining the impact of non-native species 

      Jeschke, J.M.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Dick, J.T.A.; Essl, F.; Evans, T.; Gaertner, M.; Hulme, P.E.; Kühn, I.; Mrugala, A.; Pergl, J.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Ricciardi, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Sendek, A.; Vilá, M.; Winter, M.; Kumschick, S. (Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the Society for Conservation Biology, 2014)
      Non-native species cause changes in the ecosystems to which they are introduced. These changes, or some of them, are usually termed impacts; they can be manifold and potentially damaging to ecosystems and biodiversity. ...
    • Drivers of future alien species impacts: an expert-based assessment 

      Essl, F.; Lenzner, B.; Bacher, S.; Bailey, S.; Capinha, C.; Daehler, C.; Dullinger, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hui, C.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kühn, I.; Leung, B.; Liebhold, A.; Liu, C.; MacIsaac, H.J.; Meyerson, L.A.; Nuñez, M.A.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roy, H.E.; Ruiz, G.M.; Russell, J.C.; Sanders, N.J.; Sax, D.F.; Scalera, R.; Seebens, H.; Springborn, M.; Turbelin, A.; van Kleunen, M.; von Holle, B.; Winter, M.; Zenni, R.D.; Mattsson, B.J.; Roura-Pascual, N. (2020)
      Understanding the likely future impacts of biological invasions is crucial yet highly challenging given the multiple relevant environmental, socio-economic and societal contexts and drivers. In the absence of quantitative ...
    • Ecological impacts of alien species: Quantification, scope, caveats, and recommendations 

      Kumschick, S.; Gaertner, M.; Vila, M.; Essl, F.; Jeschke, J.M.; Pysek, P.; Ricciardi, A.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Dick, J.T.A.; Evans, T.; Hulme, P.E.; Kuhn, I.; Mrugala, A.; Pergl, J.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Sendek, A.; Winter, M. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Despite intensive research during the past decade on the effects of alien species, invasion science still lacks the capacity to accurately predict the impacts of those species and, therefore, to provide timely advice to ...
    • Framework and guidelines for implementing the proposed IUCN Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT) 

      Hawkins, C.L.; Bacher, S.; Essl, F.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Kuhn, I.; Kumschick, S.; Nentwig, W.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Genovesi, P.; Blackburn, T.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Recently, Blackburn et al. (2014) developed a simple, objective and transparent method for classifying alien taxa in terms of the magnitude of their detrimental environmental impacts in recipient areas. Here, we present a ...
    • Frameworks used in invasion science: progress and prospects 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Bacher, S.; Daehler, C.C.; Groom, Q.J.; Kumschick, S.; Lockwood, J.L.; Robinson, T.B.; Zengeya, T.A.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
      Our understanding and management of biological invasions relies on our ability to classify and conceptualise the phenomenon. This need has stimulated the development of a plethora of frameworks, ranging in nature from ...
    • Invasion costs, impacts, and human agency: response to Sagoff 2020 

      Cuthbert, R.N.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Briski, E.; Diagne, C.; Dick, J.T.A.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Haubrock, P.J.; Latombe, G.; Lenzner, B.; Meinard, Y.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Ricciardi, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Russell, J.C.; Simberloff, D.; Courchamp, F. (2020)
      Article impact statement: In an era of profound biodiversity crisis, invasion costs, invader impacts, and human agency should not be dismissed.
    • Invasion syndromes: a systematic approach for predicting biological invasions and facilitating effective management 

      Novoa, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Pyšek, P.; Meyerson, L.A.; Bacher, S.; Canavan, S.; Catford, J.A.; Čuda, J.; Essl, F.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Genovesi, P.; Hirsch, H.; Hui, C.; Jackson, M.C.; Kueffer, C.; Le Roux, J.J.; Measey, J.; Mohanty, N.P.; Moodley, D.; Müller-Schärer, H.; Packer, J.G.; Pergl, J.; Robinson, T.B.; Saul, W.C.; Shackleton, R.T.; Visser, V.; Weyl, O.L.F.; Yannelli, F.A.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2020)
      Our ability to predict invasions has been hindered by the seemingly idiosyncratic context-dependency of individual invasions. However, we argue that robust and useful generalisations in invasion science can be made by ...
    • MAcroecological Framework for Invasive Aliens (MAFIA): disentangling large-scale context dependence in biological invasions 

      Pyšek, P.; Bacher, S.; Kühn, I.; Novoa, A.; Catford, J.A.; Hulme, P.E.; Pergl, J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Blackburn, T.M. (2020)
      Macroecology is the study of patterns, and the processes that determine those patterns, in the distribution and abundance of organisms at large scales, whether they be spatial (from hundreds of kilometres to global), ...
    • A proposed unified framework for biological invasions 

      Blackburn, T.M.; Pysek, P.; Bacher, S.; Carlton, J.T.; Duncan, R.P.; Jarosik, V.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (Elsevier Ltd., 2011-07)
      There has been a dramatic growth in research on biological invasions over the past 20 years, but a mature understanding of the field has been hampered because invasion biologists concerned with different taxa and different ...
    • Scientific and normative foundations for the valuation of alien-species impacts: Thirteen core principles 

      Essl, F.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Keller, R.; Pysek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Saul, W.C.; Bacher, S.; Dullinger, S.; Estevez, R.A.; Kueffer, C.; Roy, H.E.; Seebens, H.; Rabitsch, W. (Oxford University Press, 2017)
      Biological invasions cause many impacts that differ widely in how they are perceived. We argue that many conflicts in the valuation of the impacts of alien species are attributable to differences in the framing of the issue ...
    • Scientists' warning on invasive alien species 

      Pyšek, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Simberloff, D.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Carlton, J.T.; Dawson, W.; Essl, F.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Genovesi, P.; Jeschke, J.M.; Kuhn, I.; Liebhold, A.M.; Mandrak, N.E.; Meyerson, L.A.; Pauchard, A.; Pergl, J.; Roy, H.E.; Seebens, H.; van Kleunen, M.; Vila, M.; Wingfield, M.J.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
      Biological invasions are a global consequence of an increasingly connected world and the rise in human population size. The numbers of invasive alien species - the subset of alien species that spread widely in areas where ...
    • Socio-economic impact classification of alien taxa (SEICAT) 

      Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Heikkilä, J.; Jeschke, J.M.; Jones, G.; Keller, R.; Kenis, M.; Kueffer, C.; Martinou, A.F.; Nentwig, W.; Pergl, J.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roy, H.E.; Saul, W.-C.; Scalera, R.; Vilà, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Kumschick, S. (British Ecological Society, 2018)
      1. Many alien taxa are known to cause socio-economic impacts by affecting the different constituents of human well-being (security; material and non-material assets; health; social, spiritual and cultural relations; freedom ...
    • TEASIng apart alien-species risk assessments: A framework for best practices 

      Leung, B.; Roura-Pascual, N.; Bacher, S.; Heikkilä, J.; Brotons, L.; Burgman, M.A.; Dehnen-Schmutz, K.; Essl, E.; Hulme, P.E.; Richardson, D.M.; Sol, D.; Vilà, M. (Blackwell Publishing, 2012)
      Some alien species cause substantial impacts, yet most are innocuous. Given limited resources, forecasting risks from alien species will help prioritise management. Given that risk assessment (RA) approaches vary widely, ...
    • A unified classification on alien species based on the magnitude of their environmental impacts 

      Blackburn, T.M.; Essl, F.; Evans, T.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Kuhn, I.; Kumschick, S.; Markova, Z.; Mrugala, A.; Nentwig, W.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Ricciardi, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Sendek, A.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Winter, M.; Genovesi, P.; Bacher, S. (Public Library of Science, 2014-05-06)
      Species moved by human activities beyond the limits of their native geographic ranges into areas in which they do not naturally occur (termed aliens) can cause a broad range of significant changes to recipient ecosystems; ...
    • Which taxa are alien? Criteria, applications, and uncertainties 

      Essl, F.; Bacher, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kowarik, I.; Kuhn, I.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Schindler, S.; van Kleunen, M.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (Oxford University Press, 2018)
      Human activities such as the transport of species to new regions and modifications of the environment are increasingly reshaping the distribution of biota. Accordingly, developing robust, repeatable, and consistent definitions ...