Now showing items 1-20 of 361

    • Four priority areas to advance invasion science in the face of rapid environmental change 

      Ricciardi, A.; Iacarella, J.C.; Aldridge, D.C.; Blackburn, T.M.; Carlton, J.T.; Catford, J.A.; Dick, J.T.A.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Liebhold, A.M.; Lockwood, J.L.; MacIsaac, H.J.; Meyerson, L.A.; Pyšek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Ruiz, G.M.; Simberloff, D.; Vilà, M.; Wardle, D.A. (2021)
      Unprecedented rates of introduction and spread of non-native species pose burgeoning challenges to biodiversity, natural resource management, regional economies, and human health. Current biosecurity efforts are failing ...
    • Holistic understanding of contemporary ecosystems requires integration of data on domesticated, captive and cultivated organisms 

      Groom, Q.; Adriaens, T.; Bertolino, S.; Phelps, K.; Poelen, J.H.; Reeder, D.M.; Richardson, D.M.; Simmons, N.B.; Upham, N. (2021)
      Domestic and captive animals and cultivated plants should be recognised as integral components in contemporary ecosystems. They interact with wild organisms through such mechanisms as hybridization, predation, herbivory, ...
    • Mechanistic reconciliation of community and invasion ecology 

      Latombe, G.; Richardson, D.M.; McGeoch, M.A.; Altwegg, R.; Catford, J.A.; Chase, J.M.; Courchamp, F.; Esler, K.J.; Jeschke, J.M.; Landi, P.; Measey, J.; Midgley, G.F.; Minoarivelo, H.O.; Rodger, J.G.; Hui, C. (2021)
      Community and invasion ecology have mostly grown independently. There is substantial overlap in the processes captured by different models in the two fields, and various frameworks have been developed to reduce this ...
    • The status of alien bamboos in South Africa 

      Canavan, S.; Richardson, D.M.; Le Roux, J.J.; Kelchner, S.A.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2021)
      The growing interest in commercial cultivation of bamboos (Poaceae subfamily Bambusoideae) has led to the introduction of new alien species into South Africa. The rate at which bamboos are being planted in South Africa is ...
    • Genetic analyses reveal complex introduction histories for the invasive tree Acacia dealbata Link around the world 

      Hirsch, H.; Richardson, D.M.; Pauchard, A.; Le Roux, J.J. (2021)
      Aim To compare genetic diversity and structure between Acacia dealbata populations sampled across the species' native range in Australia and from its non-native ranges in Chile, Madagascar, New Zealand, Portugal, La Reunion ...
    • Biological Invasions in South Africa's Urban Ecosystems: Patterns, Processes, Impacts and Management 

      Potgieter, L.J.; Douwes, E.; Gaertner, M.; Measey, J.; Paap, T.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
      This chapter provides an overview of the researchers and research initiatives relevant to invasion science in South Africa over the past 130 years, profiling some of the more recent personalities, particularly those who ...
    • Biological Invasions in South Africa: an overview 

      van Wilgen, B.W.; Measey, J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.; Zengeya, T.A. (2020 2020)
      South Africa has much to offer as a location for the study of biological invasions. It is an ecologically diverse country comprised of nine distinct terrestrial biomes, four recognised marine ecoregions, and two sub-Antarctic ...
    • Potential Futures of Biological Invasions in South Africa 

      Wilson, J.R.; Measey, J.; Richardson, D.M.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Zengeya, T.A. (2020)
      Biological invasions are having a moderately negative impact on human livelihoods and the environment in South Africa, but the situation is worsening. Predicting future trends is fraught with many assumptions, so this ...
    • The Role of Environmental Factors in Promoting and Limiting Biological Invasions in South Africa 

      Wilson, J.R.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Geerts, S.; Hoffmann, M.T.; MacFadyen, S.; Measey, J.; Mills, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Robertson, M.P.; van Wilgen, B.W. (2020)
      This chapter provides an overview of the researchers and research initiatives relevant to invasion science in South Africa over the past 130 years, profiling some of the more recent personalities, particularly those who ...
    • The Biogeography of South African Terrestrial Plant Invasions 

      Richardson, D.M.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Latombe, G.; Le Maitre, D.C.; Rouget, M.; Wilson, J.R. (2020)
      Thousands of plant species have been introduced, intentionally and accidentally, to South Africa from many parts of the world. Alien plants are now conspicuous features of many South African landscapes and hundreds of ...
    • Biotic Interactions as Mediators of Biological Invasions: Insights from South Africa 

      Le Roux, J.J.; Clusella-Trullas, S.; Mokotjomela, T.M.; Mairal, M.; Richardson, D.M.; Skein, L.; Wilson, J.R.; Weyl, O.L.F.; Geerts, S. (2020)
      This chapter provides an overview of the researchers and research initiatives relevant to invasion science in South Africa over the past 130 years, profiling some of the more recent personalities, particularly those who ...
    • South Africa as a donor of naturalised and invasive plants to other parts of the world 

      Pyšek, P.; Pergl, J.; van Kleunen, M.; Dawson, W.; Essl, F.; Kreft, H.; Weigelt, P.; Wilson, J.R.; Winter, M.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
      This chapter provides the first assessment of South African native vascular plants as naturalised and invasive species in other parts of the world. For naturalised species, Global Naturalized Alien Flora (GloNAF) data were ...
    • Biological Invasions and Ecological Restoration in South Africa 

      Holmes, P.M.; Esler, K.J.; Gaertner, M.; Geerts, S.; Hall, S.A.; Nsikani, M.M.; Richardson, D.M.; Ruwanza, S. (2020)
      This chapter provides an overview of the researchers and research initiatives relevant to invasion science in South Africa over the past 130 years, profiling some of the more recent personalities, particularly those who ...
    • Invasion costs, impacts, and human agency: response to Sagoff 2020 

      Cuthbert, R.N.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Briski, E.; Diagne, C.; Dick, J.T.A.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Haubrock, P.J.; Latombe, G.; Lenzner, B.; Meinard, Y.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Ricciardi, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Russell, J.C.; Simberloff, D.; Courchamp, F. (2020)
      Article impact statement: In an era of profound biodiversity crisis, invasion costs, invader impacts, and human agency should not be dismissed.
    • Drivers of future alien species impacts: an expert-based assessment 

      Essl, F.; Lenzner, B.; Bacher, S.; Bailey, S.; Capinha, C.; Daehler, C.; Dullinger, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hui, C.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kühn, I.; Leung, B.; Liebhold, A.; Liu, C.; MacIsaac, H.J.; Meyerson, L.A.; Nuñez, M.A.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roy, H.E.; Ruiz, G.M.; Russell, J.C.; Sanders, N.J.; Sax, D.F.; Scalera, R.; Seebens, H.; Springborn, M.; Turbelin, A.; van Kleunen, M.; von Holle, B.; Winter, M.; Zenni, R.D.; Mattsson, B.J.; Roura-Pascual, N. (2020)
      Understanding the likely future impacts of biological invasions is crucial yet highly challenging given the multiple relevant environmental, socio-economic and societal contexts and drivers. In the absence of quantitative ...
    • Scientists' warning on invasive alien species 

      Pyšek, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Simberloff, D.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Carlton, J.T.; Dawson, W.; Essl, F.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Genovesi, P.; Jeschke, J.M.; Kuhn, I.; Liebhold, A.M.; Mandrak, N.E.; Meyerson, L.A.; Pauchard, A.; Pergl, J.; Roy, H.E.; Seebens, H.; van Kleunen, M.; Vila, M.; Wingfield, M.J.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
      Biological invasions are a global consequence of an increasingly connected world and the rise in human population size. The numbers of invasive alien species - the subset of alien species that spread widely in areas where ...
    • Ecological restoration of ecosystems degraded by invasive alien plants in South African Fynbos: is spontaneous succession a viable strategy? 

      Holmes, P.M.; Esler, K.J.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
      Ecological restoration is a global imperative to reverse widespread habitat loss and degradation, including by invasive alien plants. In South Africa’s Core Cape Subregion, alien tree invasions are widespread and their ...
    • MAcroecological Framework for Invasive Aliens (MAFIA): disentangling large-scale context dependence in biological invasions 

      Pyšek, P.; Bacher, S.; Kühn, I.; Novoa, A.; Catford, J.A.; Hulme, P.E.; Pergl, J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Blackburn, T.M. (2020)
      Macroecology is the study of patterns, and the processes that determine those patterns, in the distribution and abundance of organisms at large scales, whether they be spatial (from hundreds of kilometres to global), ...
    • Is invasion science moving towards agreed standards? The influence of selected frameworks 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Datta, A.; Hirsch, H.; Keet, J.-H.; Mbobo, T.; Nkuna, K.V.; Nsikani, M.M.; Pyšek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Zengeya, T.A.; Kumschick, S. (2020)
      The need to understand and manage biological invasions has driven the development of frameworks to circumscribe, classify, and elucidate aspects of the phenomenon. But how influential have these frameworks really been? To ...
    • Frameworks used in invasion science: progress and prospects 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Bacher, S.; Daehler, C.C.; Groom, Q.J.; Kumschick, S.; Lockwood, J.L.; Robinson, T.B.; Zengeya, T.A.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
      Our understanding and management of biological invasions relies on our ability to classify and conceptualise the phenomenon. This need has stimulated the development of a plethora of frameworks, ranging in nature from ...