Recent Submissions

  • A workflow for standardising and integrating alien species distribution data 

    Seebens, H.; Clarke, D.A.; Groom, Q.; Wilson, J.R.U.; García-Berthou, E.; Kühn, I.; Roigé, M.; Pagad, S.; Essl, F.; Vicente, J.; Winter, M.; McGeoch, M. (2020)
    Biodiversity data are being collected at unprecedented rates. Such data often have significant value for purposes beyond the initial reason for which they were collected, particularly when they are combined and collated ...
  • Invasion syndromes: a systematic approach for predicting biological invasions and facilitating effective management 

    Novoa, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Pyšek, P.; Meyerson, L.A.; Bacher, S.; Canavan, S.; Catford, J.A.; Čuda, J.; Essl, F.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Genovesi, P.; Hirsch, H.; Hui, C.; Jackson, M.C.; Kueffer, C.; Le Roux, J.J.; Measey, J.; Mohanty, N.P.; Moodley, D.; Müller-Schärer, H.; Packer, J.G.; Pergl, J.; Robinson, T.B.; Saul, W.C.; Shackleton, R.T.; Visser, V.; Weyl, O.L.F.; Yannelli, F.A.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2020)
    Our ability to predict invasions has been hindered by the seemingly idiosyncratic context-dependency of individual invasions. However, we argue that robust and useful generalisations in invasion science can be made by ...
  • The threats posed by the pet trade in alien terrestrial invertebrates in South Africa 

    Nelufule, T.; Robertson, M.P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Faulkner, K.T.; Sole, C.; Kumschick, S. (2020)
    The pet trade has been a major pathway for the introduction of vertebrate invaders, but little is known about its role in invertebrate invasions. Here we assess the trade in terrestrial invertebrates (excluding spiders) ...
  • The first management of a marine invader in Africa: the importance of trials prior to setting long-term management goals 

    Mabin, C.A.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Le Roux, J.J.; Majiedt, P.; Robinson, T.B. (2020)
    Biological invasions severely impact on marine ecosystems around the world, but to date management is rare and has not previously been attempted in Africa. This study documents a trial management programme aimed at informing ...
  • Stronger regional biosecurity is essential to prevent hundreds of harmful biological invasions 

    Faulkner, K.T.; Robertson, M.P.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2020)
    Biological invasions often transcend political boundaries, but the capacity of countries to prevent invasions varies. How this variation in biosecurity affects the invasion risks posed to the countries involved is unclear. ...
  • The first management of a marine invader in Africa: the importance of trials prior to setting long-term management goals 

    Mabin, C.A.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Le Roux, J.J.; Majiedt, P.; Robinson, T.B. (2020)
    Biological invasions severely impact on marine ecosystems around the world, but to date management is rare and has not previously been attempted in Africa. This study documents a trial management programme aimed at informing ...
  • Improving Darwin Core for research and management of alien species 

    Groom, Q.; Desmet, P.; Reyserhove, L.; Adriaens, T.; Oldoni, D.; Vanderhoeven, S.; Baskauf, S.J.; Chapman, A.; McGeoch, M.; Walls, R.; Wieczorek, J.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Zermoglio, P.F.F.; Simpson, A. (2019)
    To improve the suitability of the Darwin Core standard for the research and management of alien species, the standard needs to express the native status of organisms, how well established they are and how they came to ...
  • Global actions for managing cactus invasions 

    Novoa, A.; Brundu, G.; Day, M.D.; Deltoro, V.; Essl, F.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Fried, G.; Kaplan, H.; Kumschick, S.; Lloyd, S.; Marchante, E.; Marchante, H.; Paterson, I.D.; Pyšek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Witt, A.; Zimmermann, H.G.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2019)
    The family Cactaceae Juss. contains some of the most widespread and damaging invasive alien plant species in the world, with Australia (39 species), South Africa (35) and Spain (24) being the main hotspots of invasion. The ...
  • A four-component classification of uncertainties in biological invasions: implications for management 

    Latombe, G.; Canavan, S.; Hirsch, H.; Hui, C.; Kumschick, S.; Nsikani, M.N.; Potgieter, L.J.; Robinson, T.B.; Saul, W.-C.; Turner, S.C.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Yannelli, F.A.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2019)
    Although uncertainty is an integral part of any science, it raises doubts in public perception about scientific evidence, is exploited by denialists, and therefore potentially hinders the implementation of management ...
  • Prioritising potential incursions for contingency planning: pathways, species, and sites in Durban (eThekwini), South Africa as an example 

    Padayachee, A.L.; Proches, S.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), 2019)
    Increased trade and travel have resulted in an increasing rate of introduction of biological organisms to new regions. Urban environments, such as cities, are hubs for human activities facilitating the introduction of alien ...
  • Does origin determine environmental impacts? Not for bamboos 

    Canavan, S.; Kumschick, S.; Le Roux, J.J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (New Phytologist Trust, 2019)
    Societal Impact Statement: Non‐native species can cause considerable negative impacts in natural ecosystems. Such impacts often are directly due to the fact that these species occur in habitats where they did not evolve. ...
  • Emerging infectious diseases and biological invasions: a call for a One Health collaboration in science and management 

    Ogden, N.H.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M.; Hui, C.; Davies, S.J.; Kumschick, S.; Le Roux, J.J.; Measey, J.; Saul, W.-C.; Pulliam, J.R.C. (The Royal Society Publishing, 2019)
    The study and management of emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) and of biological invasions both address the ecology of human-associated biological phenomena in a rapidly changing world. However, the two fields work mostly ...
  • Alien bamboos in South Africa: a socio-historical perspective 

    Canavan, S.; Richardson, D.M.; Le Roux, J.J.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Springer, 2019)
    Changes in fashions and economic imperatives underlying plant introductions have a profound influence on the movement of species around the world. Using bamboo introductions into South Africa as a case-study, we explore ...
  • Tall-statured grasses: a useful functional group for invasion science 

    Canavan, S.; Meyerson, L.A.; Packer, J.G.; Pysek, P.; Maurel, N.; Lozano, V.; Richardson, D.M.; Brundu, G.; Canavan, K.; Cicatelli, A.; Cuda, J.; Dawson, W.; Essl, F.; Guarino, F.; Guo, W.-Y.; van Kleunen, M.; Kreft, H.; Lambertini, C.; Pergl, J.; Skalova, H.; Soreng, R.J.; Visser, V.; Vorontsova, M.S.; Weigelt, P.; Winter, M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Springer, 2019)
    Species in the grass family (Poaceae) have caused some of the most damaging invasions in natural ecosystems, but plants in this family are also among the most widely used by humans. Therefore, it is important to be able ...
  • Global environmental and socio-economic impacts of selected alien grasses as a basis for ranking threats to South Africa 

    Nkuna, K.V.; Visser, V.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Kumschick, S. (Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0, 2018)
    Decisions to allocate management resources should be underpinned by estimates of the impacts of biological invasions that are comparable across species and locations. For the same reason, it is important to assess what ...
  • Biodiversity assessments: Origin matters 

    Pauchard, A.; Meyerson, L.A.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Brundu, G.; Cadotte, M.W.; Courchamp, F.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Haider, S.; Holmes, N.D.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Lockwood, J.L.; Novoa, A.; Nunez, M.A.; Peltzer, D.A.; Pysek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Simberloff, D.; Smith, K.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Winter, M.; Zenni, R.D. (Creative Commons Attribution License, 2018)
    Recent global efforts in biodiversity accounting, such as those undertaken through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), ...
  • Indicators for monitoring biological invasions at a national level 

    Wilson, J.R.U.; Faulkner, K.T.; Rahlao, S.J.; Richardson, D.M.; Zengeya, T.A.; van Wilgen, B.W. (British Ecological Society, 2018)
    1. A major challenge for the management of biological invasions is to ensure that data and information from basic inventories and ecological research are used alongside data from the monitoring and evaluation of interventions ...
  • The distribution and status of alien plants in a small South African town 

    McLean, P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Gaertner, M.; Kritzinger-Klopper, S.; Richardson, D.M. (Elsevier B.V., 2018)
    1. The invasion of alien plants into natural ecosystems in South Africa is a substantial conservation concern. The primary reason for the introduction of alien plants has been ornamental horticulture, and urban centres are ...
  • Which taxa are alien? Criteria, applications, and uncertainties 

    Essl, F.; Bacher, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kowarik, I.; Kuhn, I.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Schindler, S.; van Kleunen, M.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (Oxford University Press, 2018)
    Human activities such as the transport of species to new regions and modifications of the environment are increasingly reshaping the distribution of biota. Accordingly, developing robust, repeatable, and consistent definitions ...

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