• Herbivores, but not other insects, are scarce on alien plants 

      Proches, S.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M.; Chown, S.L. (Ecological Society of Australia, 2008)
      Understanding how the landscape-scale replacement of indigenous plants with alien plants influences ecosystem structure and functioning is critical in a world characterized by increasing biotic homogenization. An important ...
    • Historical legacies accumulate to shape future biodiversity in an era of rapid global change 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Rabitsch, W.; Hulme, P.E.; Pysek, P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Aim Biodiversity responses to changing environmental forcing on species are often characterized by considerable time-lags (= relaxation times). Although changes to the occurrence and abundance of species likely have cascading ...
    • Hitting the right target: taxonomic challenges for, and of, plant invasions 

      Pysek, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Meyerson, L.A.; Smith, G.F.; Boatwright, J.S.; Crouch, N.R.; Figueiredo, E.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Jarosik, V.; Richardson, D.M.; Suda, J.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Oxford University Press, 2013-09-19)
      This paper explores how a lack of taxonomic expertise, and by implication a dearth of taxonomic products such as identification tools, has hindered progress in understanding and managing biological invasions. It also ...
    • How do invasive species travel to and through urban environments? 

      Padayachee, A.L.; Irlich, U.M.; Faulkner, K.T.; Gaertner, M.; Proches, S.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Rouget, M. (Springer, 2017)
      Globalisation has resulted in the movement of organisms outside their natural range, often with negative ecological and economic consequences. As cities are hubs of anthropogenic activities, with both highly transformed ...
    • How much evolutionary history in a 10x10m plot? 

      Proches, S.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Cowling, R.M. (2006)
      We use a fully dated phylogenetic tree of the angiospermfamilies to calculate phylogenetic diversity (PD) in four South African vegetation types with distinct evolutionary histories. Since the branch length values are in ...
    • Human usage in the native range may determine future genetic structure of an invasion: insights from Acacia pycnantha 

      Le Roux, J.J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Ndlovu, J. (BioMed Central Ltd, 2013)
      Background: The influence of introduction history and post-introduction dynamics on genetic diversity and structure has been a major research focus in invasion biology. However, genetic diversity and structure in the ...
    • Human-mediated introductions of Australian acacias – a global experiment in biogeography 

      Richardson, D.M.; Carruthers, J.; Hui, C.; Impson, F.A.C.; Miller, J.T.; Robertson, R.P.; Rouget, M.; Le Roux, J.J.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2011)
      Aim Australian acacias (1012 recognized species native to Australia, which were previously grouped in Acacia subgenus Phyllodineae) have been moved extensively around the world by humans over the past 250 years. This has ...
    • The importance of pollinators and autonomous self-fertilisation in the early stages of plant invasions: Banksia and Hakea (Proteaceae) as case studies 

      Moodley, D.; Geerts, S.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (German Botanical Society and the Royal Botanical Society of the Netherlands, 2016)
      Reproduction is a crucial stage in the naturalisation of introduced plant species. Here, using breeding system experiments and observations of floral visitors, we investigate whether a lack of pollinators or an inability ...
    • Improving Darwin Core for research and management of alien species 

      Groom, Q.; Desmet, P.; Reyserhove, L.; Adriaens, T.; Oldoni, D.; Vanderhoeven, S.; Baskauf, S.J.; Chapman, A.; McGeoch, M.; Walls, R.; Wieczorek, J.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Zermoglio, P.F.F.; Simpson, A. (2019)
      To improve the suitability of the Darwin Core standard for the research and management of alien species, the standard needs to express the native status of organisms, how well established they are and how they came to ...
    • Incorporating risk mapping at multiple spatial scales into eradication management plans 

      Kaplan, H.; van Niekerk, A.; le Roux, J.J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Springer, 2014)
      The success of pro-active management of invasive plants depends on the ability to rapidly detect invasive populations and individuals. However, the factors important for detection depend on the spatial scale examined. We ...
    • Indicators for monitoring biological invasions at a national level 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Faulkner, K.T.; Rahlao, S.J.; Richardson, D.M.; Zengeya, T.A.; van Wilgen, B.W. (British Ecological Society, 2018)
      1. A major challenge for the management of biological invasions is to ensure that data and information from basic inventories and ecological research are used alongside data from the monitoring and evaluation of interventions ...
    • Initiating dialogue between scientists and managers of biological invasions 

      Shaw, J.D.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (Springer, 2010)
      We describe an initiative to improve the flow of information between researchers and managers as part of two international scientific symposia on biological invasions held in South Africa in 2008 and 2009. Formal ...
    • Intentionally introduced terrestrial invertebrates: patterns, risks, and options for management 

      Kumschick, S.; Devenish, A.; Kenis, M.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2016-04-21)
      Our understanding and management of pathways of alien species introductions has improved significantly in the past few years. However, little attention has been paid in most parts of the world to the risks posed by the ...
    • Interactions between environment, species traits, and human uses describe patterns of plant invasions 

      Thuiller, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Rouget, M.; Procheş, Ş.; Wilson, J.R.U. (ECOLOGICAL SOC AMER, 2006-07)
      Although invasive alien species (IAS) are a major threat to biodiversity, human health, and economy, our understanding of the factors controlling their distribution and abundance is limited. Here, we determine how environmental ...
    • Introduced and invasive cactus species: a global review 

      Novoa, A.; Le Roux, J.J.; Robertson, M.P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Understanding which species are introduced and become invasive, and why, are central questions in invasion science. Comparative studies on model taxa have provided important insights, but much more needs to be done to ...
    • Invasion debt – quantifying future biological invasions 

      Rouget, M.; Robertson, M.P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Hui, C.; Essl, F.; Renteria, J.L.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2016)
      Aim We develop a framework for quantifying invasions based on lagged trends in invasions (‘invasion debt’) with the aim of identifying appropriate metrics to quantify delayed responses at different invasion stages – from ...
    • Invasion dynamics of Lantana camara L. (sensu lato) in South Africa. 

      Vardien, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Thompson, G.; Wilson, J.R.; Le Roux, J.C. (2012)
      Lantana camara L. (sensu lato) has a wide range of impacts throughout its global invasive range. Here we review the mechanisms driving its invasion dynamics in South Africa at national (biome, habitat) and regional (within ...
    • Invasion trajectory of alien trees: the role of introduction pathway and planting history 

      Donaldson, J.E.; Hui, C.; Richardson, D.M.; Robertson, M.P.; Webber, B.L.; Wilson, J.R.U. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2014)
      Global change is driving a massive rearrangement of the world’s biota. Trajectories of distributional shifts are shaped by species traits, the recipient environment and driving forces with many of the driving forces directly ...
    • Invasive alien plants infiltrate bird-mediated shrub nucleation processes in arid savanna 

      Milton, S.J.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M.; Seymour, C.L.; Dean, W.R.J.; Iponga, D.M.; Procheş, Ş. (Blackwell, 2007)
      1 The cultivation and dissemination of alien ornamental plants increases their potential to invade. More specifically, species with bird-dispersed seeds can potentially infiltrate natural nucleation processes in ...
    • Lack of human-assisted dispersal means Pueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu vine) could still be eradicated from South Africa 

      Geerts, S.; Mashele, B.V.; Visser, V.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Springer, 2016)
      The legume, Pueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu vine) is one of the worst plant invaders globally. Here we present the first study of P. montana in South Africa. We found only seven P. montana populations covering an ...