• Biodiversity assessments: Origin matters 

      Pauchard, A.; Meyerson, L.A.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Brundu, G.; Cadotte, M.W.; Courchamp, F.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Haider, S.; Holmes, N.D.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Lockwood, J.L.; Novoa, A.; Nunez, M.A.; Peltzer, D.A.; Pysek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Simberloff, D.; Smith, K.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Winter, M.; Zenni, R.D. (Creative Commons Attribution License, 2018)
      Recent global efforts in biodiversity accounting, such as those undertaken through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), ...
    • The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)’s Post-2020 target on invasive alien species – what should it include and how should it be monitored? 

      Essl, F.; Latombe, G.; Lenzner, B.; Pagad, S.; Seebens, H.; Smith, K.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Genovesi, P. (2020)
      The year 2020 and the next few years are critical for the development of the global biodiversity policy agenda until the mid-21st century, with countries agreeing to a Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework under the ...
    • Crossing frontiers in tackling pathways of biological invasions 

      Essl, F.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Booy, O.; Brundu, G.; Brunel, S.; Cardoso, A.C.; Eschen, R.; Gallardo, B.; Galil, B.; Garcia-Berthou, E.; Genovesi, P.; Groom, Q.; Harrower, C.; Hulme, P.E.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kenis, M.; Kuhn, I.; Kumschick, S.; Martinou, A.F.; Nentwig, W.; O'Flynn, C.; Pagad, S.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roques, A.; Roy, H.E.; Scalera, R.; Schindler, S.; Seebens, H.; Vanderhoeven, S.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Zenetos, A.; Jeschke, J.M. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Substantial progress has been made in understanding how pathways underlie and mediate biological invasions. However, key features of their role in invasions remain poorly understood, available knowledge is widely scattered, ...
    • Delayed biodiversity change: no time to waste 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Rabitsch, W.; Hulme, P.E.; Pysek, P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (Elsevier Ltd., 2015)
      Delayed biodiversity responses to environmental forcing mean that rates of contemporary biodiversity changes are underestimated, yet these delays are rarely addressed in conservation policies. Here, we identify mechanisms ...
    • Framework and guidelines for implementing the proposed IUCN Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT) 

      Hawkins, C.L.; Bacher, S.; Essl, F.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Kuhn, I.; Kumschick, S.; Nentwig, W.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Genovesi, P.; Blackburn, T.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Recently, Blackburn et al. (2014) developed a simple, objective and transparent method for classifying alien taxa in terms of the magnitude of their detrimental environmental impacts in recipient areas. Here, we present a ...
    • Global actions for managing cactus invasions 

      Novoa, A.; Brundu, G.; Day, M.D.; Deltoro, V.; Essl, F.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Fried, G.; Kaplan, H.; Kumschick, S.; Lloyd, S.; Marchante, E.; Marchante, H.; Paterson, I.D.; Pyšek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Witt, A.; Zimmermann, H.G.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2019)
      The family Cactaceae Juss. contains some of the most widespread and damaging invasive alien plant species in the world, with Australia (39 species), South Africa (35) and Spain (24) being the main hotspots of invasion. The ...
    • Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts 

      Brundu, G.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Pergl, J.; Bindewald, A.M.; Brunori, A.; Canavan, S.; Campagnaro, T.; Celesti-Grapow, L.; de Sá Dechoum, M.; Dufour-Dror, J.-M.; Essl, F.; Flory, S.L.; Genovesi, P.; Guarino, F.; Guangzhe, L.; Hulme, P.E.; Jäger, H.; Kettle, C.J.; Krumm, F.; Langdon, B.; Lapin, K.; Lozano, V.; Le Roux, J.J.; Novoa, A.; Nuñez, M.A.; Porté, A.J.; Silva, J.S.; Schaffner, U.; Sitzia, T.; Tanner, R.; Tshidada, N.; Vítková, M.; Westergren, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
      Sustainably managed non-native trees deliver economic and societal benefits with limited risk of spread to adjoining areas. However, some plantations have launched invasions that cause substantial damage to biodiversity ...
    • Historical legacies accumulate to shape future biodiversity in an era of rapid global change 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Rabitsch, W.; Hulme, P.E.; Pysek, P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Aim Biodiversity responses to changing environmental forcing on species are often characterized by considerable time-lags (= relaxation times). Although changes to the occurrence and abundance of species likely have cascading ...
    • Invasion debt – quantifying future biological invasions 

      Rouget, M.; Robertson, M.P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Hui, C.; Essl, F.; Renteria, J.L.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2016)
      Aim We develop a framework for quantifying invasions based on lagged trends in invasions (‘invasion debt’) with the aim of identifying appropriate metrics to quantify delayed responses at different invasion stages – from ...
    • Invasion syndromes: a systematic approach for predicting biological invasions and facilitating effective management 

      Novoa, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Pyšek, P.; Meyerson, L.A.; Bacher, S.; Canavan, S.; Catford, J.A.; Čuda, J.; Essl, F.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Genovesi, P.; Hirsch, H.; Hui, C.; Jackson, M.C.; Kueffer, C.; Le Roux, J.J.; Measey, J.; Mohanty, N.P.; Moodley, D.; Müller-Schärer, H.; Packer, J.G.; Pergl, J.; Robinson, T.B.; Saul, W.C.; Shackleton, R.T.; Visser, V.; Weyl, O.L.F.; Yannelli, F.A.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2020)
      Our ability to predict invasions has been hindered by the seemingly idiosyncratic context-dependency of individual invasions. However, we argue that robust and useful generalisations in invasion science can be made by ...
    • Socio-economic impact classification of alien taxa (SEICAT) 

      Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Heikkilä, J.; Jeschke, J.M.; Jones, G.; Keller, R.; Kenis, M.; Kueffer, C.; Martinou, A.F.; Nentwig, W.; Pergl, J.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roy, H.E.; Saul, W.-C.; Scalera, R.; Vilà, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Kumschick, S. (British Ecological Society, 2018)
      1. Many alien taxa are known to cause socio-economic impacts by affecting the different constituents of human well-being (security; material and non-material assets; health; social, spiritual and cultural relations; freedom ...
    • South Africa as a donor of naturalised and invasive plants to other parts of the world 

      Pyšek, P.; Pergl, J.; van Kleunen, M.; Dawson, W.; Essl, F.; Kreft, H.; Weigelt, P.; Wilson, J.R.; Winter, M.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
      This chapter provides the first assessment of South African native vascular plants as naturalised and invasive species in other parts of the world. For naturalised species, Global Naturalized Alien Flora (GloNAF) data were ...
    • Tall-statured grasses: a useful functional group for invasion science 

      Canavan, S.; Meyerson, L.A.; Packer, J.G.; Pysek, P.; Maurel, N.; Lozano, V.; Richardson, D.M.; Brundu, G.; Canavan, K.; Cicatelli, A.; Cuda, J.; Dawson, W.; Essl, F.; Guarino, F.; Guo, W.-Y.; van Kleunen, M.; Kreft, H.; Lambertini, C.; Pergl, J.; Skalova, H.; Soreng, R.J.; Visser, V.; Vorontsova, M.S.; Weigelt, P.; Winter, M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Springer, 2019)
      Species in the grass family (Poaceae) have caused some of the most damaging invasions in natural ecosystems, but plants in this family are also among the most widely used by humans. Therefore, it is important to be able ...
    • A unified classification on alien species based on the magnitude of their environmental impacts 

      Blackburn, T.M.; Essl, F.; Evans, T.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Kuhn, I.; Kumschick, S.; Markova, Z.; Mrugala, A.; Nentwig, W.; Pergl, J.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Ricciardi, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Sendek, A.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Winter, M.; Genovesi, P.; Bacher, S. (Public Library of Science, 2014-05-06)
      Species moved by human activities beyond the limits of their native geographic ranges into areas in which they do not naturally occur (termed aliens) can cause a broad range of significant changes to recipient ecosystems; ...
    • Which taxa are alien? Criteria, applications, and uncertainties 

      Essl, F.; Bacher, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kowarik, I.; Kuhn, I.; Pysek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Schindler, S.; van Kleunen, M.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (Oxford University Press, 2018)
      Human activities such as the transport of species to new regions and modifications of the environment are increasingly reshaping the distribution of biota. Accordingly, developing robust, repeatable, and consistent definitions ...
    • A workflow for standardising and integrating alien species distribution data 

      Seebens, H.; Clarke, D.A.; Groom, Q.; Wilson, J.R.U.; García-Berthou, E.; Kühn, I.; Roigé, M.; Pagad, S.; Essl, F.; Vicente, J.; Winter, M.; McGeoch, M. (2020)
      Biodiversity data are being collected at unprecedented rates. Such data often have significant value for purposes beyond the initial reason for which they were collected, particularly when they are combined and collated ...