• The absence of fire can cause a lag phase: The invasion dynamics of Banksia ericifolia (Proteaceae) 

      Geerts, S.; Moodley, D.; Gaertner, M.; Le Roux, J.J.; McGeoch, M.A.; Muofhe, C.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2013)
      The transition from a species introduction to an invasion often spans many decades (a lag phase). However, few studies have determined the mechanisms underlying lag phases. Such a mechanistic understanding is vital if ...
    • ABSTRACT: Reporting on the state of plant invasions in South Africa 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Gaertner, M.; Richardson, D.M.; Rahlao, S.; van Wilgen, B.W. (Elsevier B.V., 2017)
    • Adaptive evolution in invasive species 

      Prentis, P.J.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Dormontt, E.E.; Richardson, D.M.; Lowe, A.J. (Elsevier Ltd., 2008)
      Many emerging invasive species display evidence of rapid adaptation. Contemporary genetic studies demonstrate that adaptation to novel environments can occur within 20 generations or less, indicating that evolutionary ...
    • Alien bamboos in South Africa: a socio-historical perspective 

      Canavan, S.; Richardson, D.M.; Le Roux, J.J.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Springer, 2019)
      Changes in fashions and economic imperatives underlying plant introductions have a profound influence on the movement of species around the world. Using bamboo introductions into South Africa as a case-study, we explore ...
    • Alien invaders and reptile traders: what drives the live animal trade in South Africa? 

      van Wilgen, N.J.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Elith, J.; Wintle, B.A.; Richardson, D.M. (The Zoological Society of London, 2010)
      The global trade in reptiles for pets has grown rapidly in recent decades. Some species introduced by the pet trade have established and become invasive, for example the Burmese python in Florida. Although there are ...
    • Australian acacias as invasive species: lessons to be learnt from regions with long planting histories 

      Richardson, D.M.; Le Roux, J.J.; Wilson, J.R.U. (NISC (Pty) Ltd and Taylor & Francis, 2015)
      Problems associated with invasiveness of non-native tree species used in forestry are increasing rapidly worldwide and are most severe in areas with a long history of plantings. Lessons learnt in areas with long histories ...
    • The (bio)diversity of science reflects the interests of society 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Procheş, Ş.; Braschler, B.; Dixon, E.S.; Richardson, D.M. (2007)
      For ecologists to develop robust generalizations and principles, a broad taxonomic and geographic spread of research is required, but, in practice, most generalizations are based on the research of individual scientists ...
    • Biodiversity assessments: Origin matters 

      Pauchard, A.; Meyerson, L.A.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Brundu, G.; Cadotte, M.W.; Courchamp, F.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Haider, S.; Holmes, N.D.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Lockwood, J.L.; Novoa, A.; Nunez, M.A.; Peltzer, D.A.; Pysek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Simberloff, D.; Smith, K.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Winter, M.; Zenni, R.D. (Creative Commons Attribution License, 2018)
      Recent global efforts in biodiversity accounting, such as those undertaken through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), ...
    • Biogeographic concepts define invasion biology 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Dormontt, E.E.; Prentis, P.J.; Lowe, A.J.; Richardson, D.M. (Elsevier, 2009-11)
    • Biological invasions and natural colonisations are different – the need for invasion science. 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Garcia-Diaz, P.; Cassey, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Pysek, P.; Blackburn, T.M. (Pensoft, 2016)
      In a recent Discussion Paper, Hoffmann and Courchamp (2016) posed the question: are biological invasions and natural colonisations that different? This apparently simple question resonates at the core of the biological ...
    • Biological Invasions in South Africa: an overview 

      van Wilgen, B.W.; Measey, J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.; Zengeya, T.A. (2020 2020)
      South Africa has much to offer as a location for the study of biological invasions. It is an ecologically diverse country comprised of nine distinct terrestrial biomes, four recognised marine ecoregions, and two sub-Antarctic ...
    • Biological invasions in the Cape Floristic Region: history, current patterns, impacts, and management challenges 

      Wilson, J.R.; Gaertner, M.; Griffiths, C.L.; Kotze, I.; Le Maitre, D.C.; Marr, S.M.; Picker, M.D.; Spear, D.; Stafford, L.; Richardson, D.M.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Wannenburg, A. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      The Cape Floristic Region (CFR) is the most invaded terrestrial area in South Africa in terms of: the conspicuous prominence of (mainly woody) invasive plants (Fig 12.1, Plate 12) (Henderson 2007); the area invaded as ...
    • Biological invasions in World Heritage Sites: current status and a proposed monitoring and reporting framework 

      Shackleton, R.T.; Bertzky, B.; Wood, L.E.; Bunbury, N.; Jäger, H.; van Merm, R.; Sevilla, C.; Smith, K.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Witt, A.B.R.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
      UNESCO World Heritage Sites (WHS) are areas of outstanding universal value and conservation importance. They are, however, threatened by a variety of global change drivers, including biological invasions. We assessed the ...
    • Biotic Interactions as Mediators of Biological Invasions: Insights from South Africa 

      Le Roux, J.J.; Clusella-Trullas, S.; Mokotjomela, T.M.; Mairal, M.; Richardson, D.M.; Skein, L.; Wilson, J.R.; Weyl, O.L.F.; Geerts, S. (2020)
      This chapter provides an overview of the researchers and research initiatives relevant to invasion science in South Africa over the past 130 years, profiling some of the more recent personalities, particularly those who ...
    • Casuarina cunninghamiana in the Western Cape, South Africa: Determinants of naturalisation and invasion, and options from management 

      Potgieter, L.J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Elsevier, 2014-05)
      Alien species that are desirable and commercially important in some parts of the landscape but damaging invaders in other parts present a special challenge for managers, planners, and policy-makers. Casuarina cunninghamiana ...
    • Casuarina: biogeography and ecology of an important tree genus in a changing world 

      Potgieter, L.J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Springer, 2014)
      Important insights on the invasion ecology of woody plants are emerging from the study of model groups, but it is important to test how widely such results can be generalised. We examined whether drivers of introduction ...
    • Co-invasion of South African ecosystems by an Australian legume and its rhizobial symbionts 

      Ndlovu, J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Le Roux, J.J. (Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2013)
      Aim To determine and compare the taxonomic identity and diversity of root nodule and rhizospheric microbial symbionts associated with Acacia pycnantha Benth. in its native (Australian) and invasive (South African) ranges, ...
    • Confronting the wicked problem of managing biological invasions 

      Woodford, D.J.; Richardson, D.M.; MacIsaac, H.J.; Mandrak, N.E.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Weyl, O.L.F. (Pensoft, 2016)
      The Anthropocene Epoch is characterized by novel and increasingly complex dependencies between the environment and human civilization, with many challenges of biodiversity management emerging as wicked problems. Problems ...
    • Contributions to the National Status Report on Biological Invasions in South Africa 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Gaertner, M.; Richardson, D.M.; van Wilgen, B.W. (AOSIS, 2017)
      South Africa has committed to producing a National Status Report on Biological Invasions by October 2017 and thereafter every three years. This will be the first status report at a national level specifically on biological ...