• Delayed biodiversity change: no time to waste 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Rabitsch, W.; Hulme, P.E.; Pysek, P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (Elsevier Ltd., 2015)
      Delayed biodiversity responses to environmental forcing mean that rates of contemporary biodiversity changes are underestimated, yet these delays are rarely addressed in conservation policies. Here, we identify mechanisms ...
    • Ecological research and conservation manangement in the Cape Floristic Region between 1945 and 2015: History, current understanding and future challenges 

      van Wilgen, B.W.; Carruthers, J.; Cowling, R.M.; Esler, K.J.; Forsyth, A.T.; Gaertner, M.; Hoffman, M.T.; Kruger, F.J.; Midgley, G.F.; Palmer, G.; Pence, G.Q.K.; Raimondo, D.C.; Richardson, D.M.; van Wilgen, N.J.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Taylor & Francis, 2016)
      In 1945, the Royal Society of South Africa published a wide-ranging report, prepared by a committee led by Dr C.L. Wicht, dealing with the preservation of the globally unique and highly diverse vegetation of the south-western ...
    • Historical legacies accumulate to shape future biodiversity in an era of rapid global change 

      Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Rabitsch, W.; Hulme, P.E.; Pysek, P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015)
      Aim Biodiversity responses to changing environmental forcing on species are often characterized by considerable time-lags (= relaxation times). Although changes to the occurrence and abundance of species likely have cascading ...
    • Invasion debt – quantifying future biological invasions 

      Rouget, M.; Robertson, M.P.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Hui, C.; Essl, F.; Renteria, J.L.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2016)
      Aim We develop a framework for quantifying invasions based on lagged trends in invasions (‘invasion debt’) with the aim of identifying appropriate metrics to quantify delayed responses at different invasion stages – from ...