• The absence of fire can cause a lag phase: The invasion dynamics of Banksia ericifolia (Proteaceae) 

      Geerts, S.; Moodley, D.; Gaertner, M.; Le Roux, J.J.; McGeoch, M.A.; Muofhe, C.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2013)
      The transition from a species introduction to an invasion often spans many decades (a lag phase). However, few studies have determined the mechanisms underlying lag phases. Such a mechanistic understanding is vital if ...
    • ABSTRACT: Reporting on the state of plant invasions in South Africa 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Gaertner, M.; Richardson, D.M.; Rahlao, S.; van Wilgen, B.W. (Elsevier B.V., 2017)
    • Adaptive evolution in invasive species 

      Prentis, P.J.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Dormontt, E.E.; Richardson, D.M.; Lowe, A.J. (Elsevier Ltd., 2008)
      Many emerging invasive species display evidence of rapid adaptation. Contemporary genetic studies demonstrate that adaptation to novel environments can occur within 20 generations or less, indicating that evolutionary ...
    • Alien bamboos in South Africa: a socio-historical perspective 

      Canavan, S.; Richardson, D.M.; Le Roux, J.J.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Springer, 2019)
      Changes in fashions and economic imperatives underlying plant introductions have a profound influence on the movement of species around the world. Using bamboo introductions into South Africa as a case-study, we explore ...
    • Alien invaders and reptile traders: what drives the live animal trade in South Africa? 

      van Wilgen, N.J.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Elith, J.; Wintle, B.A.; Richardson, D.M. (The Zoological Society of London, 2010)
      The global trade in reptiles for pets has grown rapidly in recent decades. Some species introduced by the pet trade have established and become invasive, for example the Burmese python in Florida. Although there are ...
    • Analysing the Risks Posed by Biological Invasions to South Africa 

      Kumschick, S.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Wilson, J.R. (2020)
      Studies of the impact of alien species on the environment are increasingly being carried out, and there has been ongoing debate about how to standardise the description of these impacts. This chapter evaluates the state ...
    • Assessing and managing the threat posed by Epipremnum aureum in South Africa 

      Moodley, D.; Proches, S.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Elsevier B.V., 2017)
      The predictive success of risk assessments is still largely a function of invasiveness elsewhere. Therefore, species that are invasive elsewhere should be prioritised for management, and where possible eradicated. We set ...
    • An assessment of the information content of South African alien species databases 

      Faulkner, K.T.; Spear, D.; Robertson, M.P.; Rouget, M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (AOSIS Publishing, 2015)
      National alien species databases indicate the state of a country’s biodiversity and provide useful data for research on invasion biology and the management of invasions. In South Africa there are several different published ...
    • Australian acacias as invasive species: lessons to be learnt from regions with long planting histories 

      Richardson, D.M.; Le Roux, J.J.; Wilson, J.R.U. (NISC (Pty) Ltd and Taylor & Francis, 2015)
      Problems associated with invasiveness of non-native tree species used in forestry are increasing rapidly worldwide and are most severe in areas with a long history of plantings. Lessons learnt in areas with long histories ...
    • The balance of trade in alien species between South Africa and the rest of Africa 

      Faulkner, K.T.; Hurley, B.P.; Robertson, M.P.; Rouget, M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (AOSIS, 2017)
      Background: Alien organisms are not only introduced from one biogeographical region to another but also spread within regions. As South Africa shares land borders with six countries, multiple opportunities exist for the ...
    • The (bio)diversity of science reflects the interests of society 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Procheş, Ş.; Braschler, B.; Dixon, E.S.; Richardson, D.M. (2007)
      For ecologists to develop robust generalizations and principles, a broad taxonomic and geographic spread of research is required, but, in practice, most generalizations are based on the research of individual scientists ...
    • Biodiversity assessments: Origin matters 

      Pauchard, A.; Meyerson, L.A.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Brundu, G.; Cadotte, M.W.; Courchamp, F.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Haider, S.; Holmes, N.D.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Lockwood, J.L.; Novoa, A.; Nunez, M.A.; Peltzer, D.A.; Pysek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Simberloff, D.; Smith, K.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Vila, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Winter, M.; Zenni, R.D. (Creative Commons Attribution License, 2018)
      Recent global efforts in biodiversity accounting, such as those undertaken through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), ...
    • Biogeographic concepts define invasion biology 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Dormontt, E.E.; Prentis, P.J.; Lowe, A.J.; Richardson, D.M. (Elsevier, 2009-11)
    • Biological invasions and natural colonisations are different – the need for invasion science. 

      Wilson, J.R.U.; Garcia-Diaz, P.; Cassey, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Pysek, P.; Blackburn, T.M. (Pensoft, 2016)
      In a recent Discussion Paper, Hoffmann and Courchamp (2016) posed the question: are biological invasions and natural colonisations that different? This apparently simple question resonates at the core of the biological ...
    • Biological Invasions in South Africa: an overview 

      van Wilgen, B.W.; Measey, J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.; Zengeya, T.A. (2020 2020)
      South Africa has much to offer as a location for the study of biological invasions. It is an ecologically diverse country comprised of nine distinct terrestrial biomes, four recognised marine ecoregions, and two sub-Antarctic ...
    • Biological invasions in the Cape Floristic Region: history, current patterns, impacts, and management challenges 

      Wilson, J.R.; Gaertner, M.; Griffiths, C.L.; Kotze, I.; Le Maitre, D.C.; Marr, S.M.; Picker, M.D.; Spear, D.; Stafford, L.; Richardson, D.M.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Wannenburg, A. (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      The Cape Floristic Region (CFR) is the most invaded terrestrial area in South Africa in terms of: the conspicuous prominence of (mainly woody) invasive plants (Fig 12.1, Plate 12) (Henderson 2007); the area invaded as ...
    • Biological invasions in World Heritage Sites: current status and a proposed monitoring and reporting framework 

      Shackleton, R.T.; Bertzky, B.; Wood, L.E.; Bunbury, N.; Jäger, H.; van Merm, R.; Sevilla, C.; Smith, K.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Witt, A.B.R.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
      UNESCO World Heritage Sites (WHS) are areas of outstanding universal value and conservation importance. They are, however, threatened by a variety of global change drivers, including biological invasions. We assessed the ...
    • Biotic Interactions as Mediators of Biological Invasions: Insights from South Africa 

      Le Roux, J.J.; Clusella-Trullas, S.; Mokotjomela, T.M.; Mairal, M.; Richardson, D.M.; Skein, L.; Wilson, J.R.; Weyl, O.L.F.; Geerts, S. (2020)
      This chapter provides an overview of the researchers and research initiatives relevant to invasion science in South Africa over the past 130 years, profiling some of the more recent personalities, particularly those who ...
    • Border control for stowaway alien species should be prioritised based on variations in establishment debt 

      Faulkner, K.T.; Robertson, M.P.; Rouget, M.; Wilson, J.R.U. (Elsevier Ltd, 2016)
      Border control is one of the major approaches used by countries to limit the number of organisms introduced as stowaways. However, it is not feasible to inspect all passengers, cargo and vehicles entering a country, and ...
    • Botanical gardens as key resources and hazards for biosecurity 

      Wondafrash, M.; Wingfield, M.J.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Hurley, B.P.; Slippers, B.; Paap, T. (2021)
      Biodiversity and economic losses resulting from invasive plant pests and pathogens are increasing globally. For these impacts and threats to be managed effectively, appropriate methods of surveillance, detection and ...