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dc.contributor.authorRichardson, D.M.
dc.contributor.authorRundel, P.W.
dc.contributor.authorJackson, S.T.
dc.contributor.authorTeskey, R.O.
dc.contributor.authorAronson, J.
dc.contributor.authorBytnerowicz, A.
dc.contributor.authorWingfield, M.J.
dc.contributor.authorProches, S.
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-21T07:18:25Z
dc.date.available2010-10-21T07:18:25Z
dc.date.issued2007
dc.identifier.citationRichardson, D.M., Rundel, P.W., Jackson, S.T., Teskey, R.O., Aronson, J., Bytnerowicz, A., Wingfield, M.J. and Proches, S. (2007). Human impacts in pine forests: past, present, and future. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 38, 275-297en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/123456789/662
dc.description.abstractPines (genus Pinus) form the dominant tree cover over large parts of the Northern Hemisphere. Human activities have affected the distribution, composition, and structure of pine forests for millennia. Different human-mediated factors have affected different pine species in different ways in different regions. The most important factors affecting pine forests are altered fire regimes, altered grazing/browsing regimes, various harvesting/construction activities, land clearance and abandonment, purposeful planting and other manipulations of natural ecosystems, alteration of biotas through species reshuffling, and pollution. These changes are occurring against a backdrop of natural and anthropogenically driven climate change. We review past and current influence of humans in pine forests, seeking broad generalizations. These insights are combined with perspectives from paleoecology to suggest probable trajectories in the face of escalating human pressure. The immense scale of impacts and the complex synergies between agents of change calls for urgent and multifaceted action.en
dc.description.sponsorshipCentre of Excellence for Invasion Biologyen
dc.format.extent530184 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAnnual Reviewsen
dc.subjectair pollutionen
dc.subjectbiological invasionsen
dc.subjectconservationen
dc.subjectfireen
dc.subjectland useen
dc.titleHuman impacts in pine forests: past, present, and futureen
dc.typeJournalArticlesen
dc.cibjournalAnnual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematicsen
dc.cibprojectNAen


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