Scaling of gas exchange cycle frequency in insects
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Previously, it has been suggested that insect gas exchange cycle frequency ( fC) is mass independent, making insects different from most other animals where periods typically scale asmass-0.25. However, the claim for insects is based on studies of only a few closely related taxa encompassing a relatively small size range. Moreover, it is not known whether the type of gas exchange pattern (discontinuous versus cyclic) influences the fC–mass scaling relationship. Here, we analyse a large database to examine interspecific fC–mass scaling. In addition, we investigate the effect of mode of gas exchange on the fC–scaling relationship using both conventional and phylogenetically independent approaches. Cycle frequency is scaled as mass-0.280 (when accounting for phylogenetic non-independence and gas exchange pattern), which did not differ significantly from mass-0.25. The slope of the fC–mass relationship was shallower with a significantly lower intercept for the species showing discontinuous gas exchange than for those showing the cyclic pattern, probably due to lower metabolic rates in the former. Insects therefore appear no different from other animals insofar as the scaling of gas exchange fC is concerned, although gas exchange fC may scale in distinct ways for different patterns.
- RESEARCH: Chown S