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dc.contributor.authorCooper, J.
dc.contributor.authorCrawford, R.J.M
dc.contributor.authorDe Villiers, M.S.
dc.contributor.authorDyer, B.M.
dc.contributor.authorHofmeyr, G.J.G.
dc.contributor.authorJonker, A.
dc.date.accessioned2010-11-22T11:48:28Z
dc.date.available2010-11-22T11:48:28Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.citationCooper, J., Crawford, R.J.M., De Villiers, M.S., Dyer, B.M., Hofmeyr, G.J.G. and Jonker, A. (2009). Disease outbreaks among penguins at sub-Antarctic Marion Island: a conservation concern. Marine Ornithology, 37, 193-196en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/123456789/807
dc.description.abstractIn 1992 and 1993, unknown diseases killed 250–300 King Penguins Aptenodytes patagonicus and an estimated 5–10 thousand Macaroni Penguins Eudyptes chrysolophus at sub-Antarctic Marion Island. At the same island, an outbreak of avian cholera Pasteurella multocida during November 2004 killed approximately 2000 Macaroni Penguins at Kildalkey Bay. Other breeding colonies of Macaroni Penguins and other species of seabirds at the island were not affected at the time. Procedures for reporting and dealing with such outbreaks are now being developed.en
dc.description.sponsorshipCentre of Excellence for Invasion Biologyen
dc.format.extent65039 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAn International Peer-Reviewed Journal of Seabird Science and Conservationen
dc.subjectMacaroni Penguinen
dc.subjectEudyptes chrysolophusen
dc.subjectKing Penguinen
dc.subjectAptenodytes patagonicusen
dc.subjectavian choleraen
dc.subjectPasteurella multocidaen
dc.subjectdiseaseen
dc.subjectsub-Antarcticen
dc.titleDisease outbreaks among penguins at sub-Antarctic Marion Island: a conservation concernen
dc.typeArticleen


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